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BULLET Slavery, Rebellion, and Reconstruction: a Selected,
Annotated Bibliography

Slavery, Rebellion, and Reconstruction is a bibliography listing books of
possible interest to the high school student or college undergraduate student
writing a research paper on slavery, the abolition movement, Reconstruction,
or African-American participation in the Civil War. Listings include an
annotation which tells the student if the item has an index and bibliography.


Most items in this bibliography can be found at Central Library in the following
departments: Stacks, and History & Genealogy. Titles can also be checked
on the library's online catalog to see if any other departments or library branches
own them.



I--BIBLIOGRAPHIES

Bartlett, John Russell, comp. The Literature of the Rebellion: a Catalogue of Books and Pamphlets Relating to the Civil War in the United States...
Boston: Draper & Halliday, 1866. 477p.            RB-R 016.9737

A catalog of the following types of Civil War publications: 1. books and pamphlets published in the United States and Europe; 2. official publications of the Federal government including those of the Executive branch; 3. official publications of the states, including Adjutant-General offices; 4. official publications of the British government; 5. publications of the U.S. Sanitary Commission; 6. articles
on the war in U.S. and European reviews and magazines 7. proceedings of city and town governments in the U.S. and 8. Lincoln eulogies. 6,073 items are listed.

Dornbusch, C.E., comp. Military Bibliography of the Civil War, 4 volumes.
NY: New York Public Library, 1961-1987.            HG-R 016.973

Volume 1 covers the northern states. It divides by state, and lists information sources about various regiments raised by the state. Volume 2 covers the southern states, border states, and territories, and provides the same sort of information as does Volume 1. Volume 3 is a guide to miscellaneous information on various Civil War topics. Volume 4 includes regimental publications and addenda.

Smith, John David, comp. Black Slavery in the Americas: an Interdisciplinary Bibliography, 1865-1980, 2 volumes.
Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1982.            ST-R 016.306

Wonderful bibliography organized by subject. (1865-1980 refers to publication date of the bibliography item.) Slave Trade, Slave Law, and African Background of American Slaves are some of the subjects covered in Volume 1; Indian Ownership of Slaves, Economics of Slavery, Slave Daily Life and Family Life, Slave Religion, Slave Revolts, and Slaves and the Civil War are among the subjects covered in
Volume 2. A list of sources on Slavery in Missouri is on pp.856-865.

Thompson, Lawrence Sidney, comp. The Southern Black: Slave and Free:
a Bibliography of Anti- and Pro-Slavery Books and Pamphlets, and of
Social and Economic Conditions in the Southern States from the
Beginnings to 1950.

Troy, NY: Whitson Publishing Co., 1970. 576 p.            ST-C 016.301

An unannotated list (alphabetically by author) of works reprinted in microcard format by the Lost Cause Press of Lexington, KY. Lack of indexing or organization by subject makes this bibliography somewhat difficult to use.



II--BIOGRAPHICAL AND STATISTICAL INFORMATION
SOURCES

Litwack, Leon, and August Meier, eds. Black Leaders of the Nineteenth
Century
.
Urbana: University of Illinois, 1988. 344 p.            ST-C 920.009296

Biographical sketches of seventeen black American leaders of the nineteenth century. Among those included are Nat Turner, Harriet Tubman, and Frederick Douglass: two chapters cover black leaders during Reconstruction. Bibliographic essay and excellent index.

Curtin, Philip D. The Atlantic Slave Trade; a Census.
Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1969. 338 p.            ST-C 382.44

A statistical analysis of the Atlantic slave trade. Includes numerous maps and tables, including tables of mortality both for transported slaves and slaver crews. An appendix reprints Koelle's Linguistic Inventory: excellent bibliography and index.

Foner, Eric. Freedom's Lawmakers: a Directory of Black Officeholders
During Reconstruction.

NY: Oxford University Press, 1993. 290p.            HG-R 920.009296

Biographical dictionary of black state and federal officeholders during Reconstruction. Indexes by state and county of office, occupation, office held during Reconstruction, birth status (born slave, born free, born slave but became free before Civil War). Includes b&w portraits of some biographees.

Frazier, Edward Franklin. The Free Negro Family: a Study of Family
Origins Before the Civil War.

Nashville, TN: Fisk University Press, 1932. 75p.            ST-C 326

Among the numerous tables of interest are these: 1. Growth of Slave and free Negro population in the U.S., 1790-1860; 2. Distribution of free Negro population according to state in 1830 and 1860; 3. Number of free Negroes in the populations of four leading cities in 1790; and 4. School attendance and
illiteracy among the free Negro population in 16 cities, 1850. There is a short bibliography.

Lutz, Alma. Crusade for Freedom: Women of the Anti-Slavery
Movement.

Boston: Beacon Press, 1968. 338p.            ST-C 326

Covers the period 1800-1850, and covers mainly white female abolitionists. Bibliography and index.

Ruchames, Louis. The Abolitionists: a Collection of Their Writings.
NY: Capricorn Books, 1964. 259p.            ST-C 326.4

Most selections were written during the 1830s and 1840s. Most cover slavery in the United States. Short index.

Six Women's Slave Narratives.
NY: Oxford University Press, 1988. 328 p.            ST-C 973.0880625

Personal narratives by six female ex-slaves. Women's slave narratives came into being at the behest of the abolition movement. The abolitionists felt that slave narratives helped add a human face to the anti-slavery movement.

United States. Bureau of the Census. The Social and Economic Status of
the Black Population in the United States: an Historical View,
1790-1978.

Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 1979. 271p.    ST-C 301.4519

A wealth of statistical data. Includes sections on population, income, work force, education, family, health and mortality, housing, and voting. A contents section at the beginning of each section includes a list of tables in that section.

United States. Works Progress Administration. Federal Writers Project. Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States from Interviews with Former Slaves, 16 volumes.
Irvine, CA: Reprint Service, 1994.            ST-R 305.567

Volume X covers narratives of 83 Missouri ex-slaves. Narratives range in length from 1 to 15 pages (average is 4 pages or so). Interviews occurred during the Great Depression (1930s).

CHRONOLOGIES AND GAZETTEERS

Bergman, Peter M. The Chronological History of the Negro in America.
NY: Harper & Row, 1969. 698p.            ST-C 326

Big sections on Slavery (pp. 1-240) and Reconstruction (pp. 241-281). Includes a Bibliography of Bibliographies and a lengthy index (73 pages).

Cantor, George. Historic Landmarks of Black America.
Detroit: Gale Research, Inc., 1991. 372p.            HG-R 917.304928

Historical sketches on more than 300 sites related to African-American history, including houses, birthplaces, grave sites, forts, battlefields, churches, etc.. Six-page chronology, good bibliography and index.

Christian, Charles Melvin. Black Saga: the African American Experience.
Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1995. 608p.            HG-R 973.0496073

A chronology which starts with Columbus's first voyage and concludes in 1994. The nineteenth century receives 212 pages of coverage. Excellent bibliography and index.

Harley, Sharon. The Timetables of African-American History: a
Chronology of the Most Important People and Events in African-
American History.

NY: Simon & Schuster, 1995. 400p.            HG-R 973.0496073

A chronology which begins in 1492 and ends in 1992. Categories covered include general history, education, laws and legal actions, religion, literature and the press, the arts, science, technology, and medicine, and sports. Extensive index.

Hornsby, Alton. Chronology of African-American History: Significant
Events and People from 1619 to the Present.

Detroit: Gale Research, Inc., 1991. 526p.             ST-C 973.049073

A chronology which unfortunately only devotes 57 of its 526 pages to the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries. Good bibliography and index.

ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE

Bandinel, James. Some account of the Trade in Slaves from Africa as Connected with Europe and America from the Introduction of the Trade into Modern Europe Down to the Present Time; Especially with Reference to the Efforts Made by the British Government for Its Extinction.
London: Cass, 1968. 323p.           ST-C 326

Account of the historical origins of the slave trade, and the efforts of the British government to end it. Bandinel was an official of the British Foreign Office. Excellent index.

Buxton, Thomas Fowell. The African Slave Trade and Its Remedy.
London: Cass, 1967. 582p.             ST-C 380.144

A British abolitionist's book on the slave trade, with his ideas on how to suppress the trade. An extensive 20 page index.

Carey, Henry Charles. The Slave Trade, Domestic and Foreign: Why It
Exists and How It May Be Extinguished.

NY: A.M. Kelley, 1967. 426p.            ST-C 326

A reprint of a call for an end to the slave trade, justified for the most part in purely economic terms. Indexed.

Conneau, Theophile. A Slaver's Log Book: or, Twenty Year's Residence in Africa: the Original Manuscript.
Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1976. 370p.            ST-C 382.44

A complete translation of the manuscript left by Conneau at the time of   his death. Fascinating account by a literate and intelligent slaver of his time spent in the Atlantic slave trade. Brief index.

Curtin, Philip D. Africa Remembered: Narratives by West Africans From the Era of the Slave Trade.
Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1967.363p.            ST-C 966

The personal narratives in this book were chosen to illustrate the African side of the Atlantic slave trade. Each narrative includes an introduction and annotations by a slave trade scholar. Lengthy index.

Donnan, Elizabeth. Documents Illustrative of the History of the Slave Trade to America.
NY: Octagon Books, 1965, 4 volumes. ST-R 326

A four-volume set which gathers together documents illustrative of the slave trade prior to 1808. Volume Four covers the Border Colonies and the Southern Colonies, with an emphasis on South Carolina. Extensive 46 page index.

Dow, George Francis. Slave Ships and Slaving.
Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1969. 349p.            ST-C 380.144

Not a detailed history of the slave trade, rather a lively account of the sordid exploits of various individual slavers both before and after the banning of the trade. Many illustrations, brief index.

Du Bois, W.E.B. The Suppression of the African Slave-Trade to the United States of America, 1638-1870.
NY: Schocken Book, 1969. 335p.            ST-C 380.144

In his classic work on the slave trade, Du Bois argues that more vigorous enforcement of an existing ban on the importation of slaves to the U.S. could possibly have prevented the Civil War and the anti-slavery violence of the 1850s. He also argues that most U.S. 19th century slaver expeditions were financed by Northern merchants and equipped in Northern ports like Boston and New York. Useful appendices include lists of colonial, state, national, and international legislation restricting the African slave trade, 1641-1864, and a list of cases against ships illegally engaging in the slave trade, 1808-1864.

Howard, Thomas. Black Voyage: Eyewitness Accounts of the Atlantic Slave Trade.
Boston: Little, Brown, 1971. 243p.             ST-C 380.144

Recollections of the Atlantic slave trade by both slaves and slavers. Includes a slave trade chronology and a map of slave trade sailing routes. Brief   bibliography.

Pope-Hennessy, James. Sins of the Fathers; a Study of the Atlantic Slave Traders, 1441-1807.
NY: Knopf, 1968. 286p.           ST-C 326

Readable study includes some helpful, wee-executed illustrations and maps. Bibliography; index.

Spears, John Randolph. The American Slave-Trade; an Account of Its Origin, Growth, and Suppression.
NY: Scribners, 1900. 232p.            ST-C 326

A one-volume history of the Atlantic slave trade. It is the author's contention that the tragedy of the slave trade is not that it existed at all, but that it could have been run efficiently and profitably without any needless cruelty or hardship. Includes two appendices listing persons arrested and vessels seized due to participation in the slave trade from May 1, 1852 to May 1, 1862.

Thomas, Hugh. The Slave Trade: the Story of the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1440-1870.
New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997. 908p.            HG-C 380.144

A masterful (and highly readable) study of the Atlantic slave trade. Thomas feels that the slave trade lasted so long because it supplied labor for tasks in the New World for which other workers were not nearly as suitable, and because it was a hugely profitable endeavor for ship captains, for venture capitalists in Europe and the Americas, and for participating African chieftains. Many maps and illustrations; extensive bibliographical note and index.

SLAVE LIFE, RELIGION, AND CULTURE

Bassett, John Spencer. The Southern Plantation Overseer as Revealed in His Letters.
New York: Negro Universities Press, 1968. 280p.            ST-C 301.451

A reprint of letters written by overseers working on the two plantations owned by James K. Polk, eleventh president of the United States. Brief index.

Blassingame, John W. The Slave Community: Plantation Life in the Antebellum South.
New York: Oxford University Press, 1972. 262p.            ST-C 917.306

A look at the daily lives and working conditions of plantation slaves. Includes several interesting appendices: "Comparative Examination of  Total Institutions"; "African Words, Numerals, and Sentences Used by Former Slaves in Georgia and South Carolina in the 1890s"; and "Statistics
on Slaves and Slavery: Observations and Tables." Excellent bibliography and index.

Genovese, Eugene D. The Slave Economies.
New York: Wiley, 1973, 2 volumes.            ST-C 380.144

A study of the impact of slavery on various economic markets. Includes chapters or sections on ancient Greece, Africa, the West Indies and the Caribbean, South America, and the southern United States.

Genovese, Eugene D. The World the Slaveholders Made: Two Essays in Interpretation.
New York: Pantheon Books, 1969. 274p.            ST-C 301.452

This book consists of two essays: the first is an attempt to provide a framework for the comparative study of New World slavery from a Marxist perspective. The second is a study of the life and philosophy of a Virginia planter, George Fitzhugh. Indexed.

Litwack, Leon F. North of Slavery: the Negro in the Free States, 1790-1860.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961. 318p.           ST-C 326

Chapters on economics, education, politics, abolition activities, churches, and the relationship of the federal government to the free black. Index and bibliography.

Mallard, Robert Q. Plantation Life Before Emancipation.
237p.           ST-R 917.5

A look at prewar plantation life by an apologist for slavery. The author felt that slavery was justified by scripture, and that slaveowners generally did much to elevate their slaves both mentally and religiously. He also bitterly resented the efforts of the abolitionists, who in his opinion stirred up longings for freedom in slaves who had been perfectly content with their lots in life.

Owens, Leslie Howard. This Species of Property: Slave Life and Culture Culture in the Old South.
New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. 291p.            ST-C 301.4493

Emphasis on the daily lives of plantation slaves: includes chapters on household slaves and overseers. Good index; lengthy bibliographic notes section.

Phillips, Ulrich Bonnell. American Negro Slavery: a Survey of the Supply, Employment, and Control of Negro Labor as Determined by the Plantation Regime.
Gloucester, MS: P. Smith, 1959. 529p.            ST-C 326

Lengthy coverage of slave trade and plantation life: there are chapters on business aspects of slavery, urban slaves, free blacks, slave crime, and slave law. Extensive index.

Phillips, Ulrich Bonnell. Life and Labor in the Old South.
Boston: Little, Brown, 1957. 375p.            ST-C 975

Includes much information on slavery and plantation life. Good index.

Stampp, Kenneth M. The Peculiar Institution: Slavery in the Antebellum South.
New York: Vintage Books, 1956. 435p.             ST-C 326

A fascinating book about the day-to-day lives and concerns of slaves and slaveholders. List of manuscripts consulted and their locations; extensive index.

Vlach, John Michael. Back of the Big House: the Architecture of Plantation Slavery.
Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1993. 258p.           ST-C 975.00496

A relatively unique look at the structures and work spaces which formed the day-to-day environment of plantation slaves. Lots of b&w photographs and building diagrams. Extensive source notes; indexed.

Wish, Harvey. Slavery in the South: First-hand Accounts of the Ante-bellum American Southland from Northern and Southern Whites, Negroes, and Foreign Observers.
New York: Farrar, Straus, 1964. 290p.             ST-C 326

Firsthand accounts by ex-slaves, fugitive slaves, British observers, and slaveholders.

SLAVE LAWS AND SLAVE REBELLIONS

Dixon, Archibald. History of Missouri Compromise and Slavery in American Politics: a True History of the Missouri Compromise and Its Repeal, and African Slavery as a Factor in American Politics.
New York: Johnson Reprint Corp., 1970. 623p.            ST-C 973.7113

A history of slavery in the United States and of federal legislation regarding slavery from its origins to 1850. The author was the wife of the man who introduced in the U.S. House the bill to repeal the Missouri Compromise.

Finkelman, Paul. Abolitionists in Northern Courts: the Pamphlet Literature.
New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1988. 524p.            ST-C 347.502872

Most included pamphlets were written during the period 1830-1850: there is coverage of the Prudence Crandall and Elijah Lovejoy trials.

Finkelman, Paul, ed. Slave Rebels, Abolitionists, and Southern Courts: the Pamphlet Literature, 2 volumes.
New York: Garland Publishing Co., 1988.             ST-C 347.502872

Reprints of pamphlets from the first half of the 19th century (most from the period 1818-1850). Volume I includes several accounts of the Vesey and Turner rebellions.

Finkelman, Paul. Slavery in the Courtroom: an Annotated Bibliography of American Cases.
Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1985.312p.            ST-C 016.34273

Annotations of court cases, and of books and pamphlets published at the time which examine the court cases (coverage mainly for period 1772-1861). Includes a table of cases and a list of illustrations. An appendix annotates important British court cases. Extensive bibliography and index.

Pearson, Thomas A., and Anne Watts, comps. Legal Information, 2 volumes.
St. Louis, MO: Saint Louis Public Library, 1996.               ST-C 347.77866

A gathering of court and legislative documents having to do with the rights and privileges (or lack thereof) of black Americans in the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries. Volume I covers the 18th and 19th centuries; Volume II the 20th century.


AFRICAN-AMERICAN PARTICIPATION IN THE CIVIL WAR

Berlin, Ira, et al, eds. The Destruction of Slavery.
Cambridge & New York: Cambridge University Press, 1985. 852p.            ST-C 973.0496

This is volume I of a four-volume set of books (Freedom: a Documentary History of Emancipation, 1861-1867) which reprint 40,000 documents selected from the approximately 2,000,000 records in the National Archives which relate to the Civil War, emancipation, and Reconstruction (1861-1867).
Each volume includes an introductory essay by a noted scholar. Extensive 33 page index.

Berry, Mary Frances. Military Necessity and Civil Rights Policy: Black Citizenship and the Constitution, 1861-1868.
Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1977. 132p.            ST-C 973.71503

The author argues that a perceived necessity on the parts of Lincoln, the War Department, and a majority in Congress to recruit black soldiers if the war was to be won led directly to the 14th and 15th Amendments and to the various Civil Rights Acts enacted during Reconstruction. It was thought that black soldiers would need to be rewarded in some way to induce them to enlist. Helpful bibliographical essay and index add to this book's value.

Drake, Charles D. Union and Anti-Slavery Speeches Delivered During the Rebellion.
New York: Negro Universities Press, 1969. 431p.             ST-C 973.71

Reprints wartime speeches of Drake, U.S. Senator from Missouri. Includes "Immediate Emancipation in Missouri," "The Missouri State Convention and Its Emancipation Work," "and "Camp Jackson: Its History and Significance."

Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, 3 volumes.
Des Moines, IA: the Dyer Publishing Co., 1908.              HG-R 973.74

Volume 1 is composed of numerous helpful lists, including a regimental index. Volume 2 includes an alphabetical list of battles, campaigns, and skirmishes, plus chronological lists by state of battles, campaigns, and skirmishes which took place in that state. Volume 3 is a series of Union regimental histories (divided by state).

McPherson, James M. The Struggle for Equality: Abolitionists and the Negro in the Civil War and Reconstruction.
Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1964. 474p.              ST-C 973.71

An effort to trace the history of the abolitionist movement during the Civil War and Reconstruction. Chapter IX is a short but well-done history of  black participation in the military during the Civil War.

The Union Army: a History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States.
Madison, WI: Federal Publishing Co., 1908, 8 volumes.                HG-R 973.73

The first four volumes are history (by state) of regiments from the loyal states; volumes 5 & 6 are an alphabetical list of battles and skirmishes (which in some cases include a fairly extensive account of the action in question); volume 7 has information about the Union Navy; and volume 8 has short but useful biographical sketches of Union generals (organized alphabetically).

United States. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 70 volumes in 128.
Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1880-1901.             ST-R 973.73

The official record of the war gathered together shortly after the war by the War Department. The last volume is a general index to the set. This set is best used to search for information about a particular regiment, officer, battle or campaign. Each volume has its own index.

ABOLITION, EMANCIPATION, AND RECONSTRUCTION

Aptheker, Herbert. A Documentary History of the Negro People in the United States, 2 volumes.
Secaucus, NJ: Citadel Press, 1994.               ST-C 973.09

Volume 1 covers the slavery and Civil War periods: Volume 2 covers the Reconstruction period. The two volumes reprint 450 documents which Aptheker feels help to illustrate the history of African-Americans in the United States. An excellent index in Volume 2 covers both volumes.

Bentley, George R. A History of the Freedmen's Bureau.
New York: Octagon Books, 1974. 298p.            ST-C 973.714

In the author's view, the Freedmen's Bureau compiled a mixed record. Some of its proponents were motivated by a real desire to help the newly freed slaves, and they to some extent succeeded. Others were motivated by a desire to exploit the situation for their personal gain, and many of them also succeeded. Extensive bibliography and index.

Brown, B. Gratz. Speech of the Hon. B. Gratz Brown, o St. Louis, on the Subject of Gradual Emancipation in Missouri, Delivered in the House of Representatives, February 12, 1857.
St. Louis, MO: 1857. 26p.                RB-L 326

Brown argued that gradual emancipation was already happening in Missouri without the impetus of legislation, because slave labor was competing with free market labor and was losing, because the immigration boom was producing a surplus of cheap free laborers.

Coulter, E. Merton. The South During Reconstruction, 1865-1877.
Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1947.            426p. ST-R 975

This is Volume VIII of a ten-volume set called A History of the South. Extensive bibliographic essay and index.

Glover, Samuel Taylor. Emancipation in Missouri. Speech of Samuel T. Glover, Esq., Delivered at Turners' Hall, St. Louis, Mo., on Wednesday Evening, June 25th, 1862.
St. Louis, MO: 1862.16p.             RB-L 326

Glover was opposed to slavery and anxious to maintain the Federal union. His attack on the institution of slavery consisted of two main points: first, in spite of various arguments to the contrary, the only reason slave states had to launch the rebellion was to defend the morally indefensible
practice of slave-keeping. Second, slavery was a detriment to all whom it touched, slaveholders and slaves alike. Slaves hated it, of course, while slaveholders lived in dread of a slave rebellion. Southern non-slaveholders were expected to help defend the property and positions of those who did.

Goodell, William. Slavery and Anti-Slavery: a History of the Great Struggle in Both Hemispheres; With a View of the Slavery Question in the United States.
New York: Negro Universities Press, 1968.            604p. ST-C 973

The author's aim was to present in one volume a history of slavery and of the abolition movement. Indexed.

Harrold, Stanley. The Abolitionists and the South, 1831-1861.
Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1995. 245p.              ST-C 973.7114

This book examines the activities of abolitionists in the border states and, to a lesser extent, in the southern states. He also looks at the interactions of these abolitionists with abolitionists in the North. Extensive bibliography and index.

Hawkins, Hugh. The Abolitionists: Means, Ends, and Motivations.
Lexington, MS: Heath Pub., 1972. 230p.            ST-C 973.711

An examination of the strategy and tactics employed by the "immediatists" and the "gradualists" in the abolition movement. Sections written by abolition scholars alternate with sections written by the abolitionists themselves. Includes suggestions for further reading.

Kraditor, Aileen S. Means and Ends in American Abolitionism: Garrison and His Critics on Strategy and Tactics, 1834-1850.
New York: Pantheon Books, 1969. 296p.           ST-C 973.71

An examination of the strategies and tactics adopted by the abolitionists during the period 1830-1850. Includes a discussion of the role of women in the abolition movement. Indexed.

Owen, Robert. The Wrong of Slavery, the Right of Emancipation, and the Future of the African Race in the United States.
Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., 1864. 246p.            ST-R 301.4522

A history of slavery and the slave trade by an author who believed in immediatism, i.e., that slaves should immediately declared free and their owners owed no compensation in the rebel states, while slaveowners in loyal states would be compensated for their loss.

Quarles, Benjamin. Black Abolitionists.
New York: Oxford University Press, 1969. 310p.            ST-C 973.7114

An attempt to focus attention on black abolitionists, whom the author feels have been largely ignored because the southern press of the period focused almost exclusively on white abolitionists. Stories about black abolitionists ran counter to the widespread Southern notion that blacks were content with their lot in life. Extensive chapter notes and index.

Ripley, C. Peter, et al., eds. The Black Abolitionist Papers.
Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1985--.            HG-C 973.0496

This five-volume set is the result of an effort begun in 1976 to gather together the various published writings and personal papers of black abolitionists from the United States, Canada, and Great Britain for the period 1830-1865. Volume 1 covers Great Britain, Volume 2 Canada, and Volumes 3-5 the United States. Volume 3 includes a 65 page introductory essay and an extensive 37 page index.

Rollins, James S. Emancipation in Missouri: Speech of Hon. James S. Rollins, of Missouri, in the House of Representatives February 28th, 1863, on the Question of Making an Appropriation for the Emancipation of Slaves in the State of Missouri.
St. Louis: George Knapp & Co., 1863. 12p.            RB-L 326

In the wake of the Emancipation Proclamation, numerous proposals were advanced for freeing the slaves in border states loyal to the Union. Rollins' proposal asked that $40,000,000 be appropriated by Congress to purchase Missouri slaves and repatriate them to Africa.

Smith, John David. Black Voices From Reconstruction, 1865-1877.
Brookfield, CT: Millbrook Press, 1996. 174p.            HG-C 973.0496073

A collection of original documents (published writings, letters, congressional testimony, etc.) recording the hopes and fears of various Southern blacks during the Reconstruction period (1865-1877). Illustrations; short bibliography and index.

Takaki, Ronald T. A Pro-Slavery Crusade: the Agitation to Reopen the  African Slave Trade.
New York: Free Press, 1971. 276p.            ST-C 380.144

The author argues that much of the pre-Civil War agitation by white Southerners was not mainly a result of sectional conflict as many believe. He believes that much of the agitation resulted from two factors: the increasing rigidity of Southern society, and the increasing moral anxiety of white Southerners, especially slaveholders. A Southern society that had earlier seen families rise from the role of tenant farmers to plantation owners in one generation was by the time of the Civil War an aristocracy created with the labor of increasing expensive and hard to acquire slaves. Significant numbers of the aristocracy, Takaki claims, many of them fairly religious people, were troubled by the nature of their power base: the labor of slaves.

Wood, Forrest G. Black Scare: the Racist Response to Emancipation and Reconstruction.
Berkeley: University of California Press, 1968. 219p.             ST-C 326

The author argues that modern racism did not begin during the Civil War. He feels rather that the end of the war and subsequent universal emancipation polarized already existing feelings that blacks were by nature inferior to whites. Racist demagogues in the South and elsewhere fanned the flames of racial hatred with printed materials and speeches. Lengthy bibliography; indexed.


Compiled by Thomas A. Pearson
Special Collections Department
September 26, 2000

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