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BULLET Scope of Census Data, 1790 - 1930*
Census of 1790

Name of head of family; address; number of free white males of 16 years and up, including heads; free white males under 16; free white females, including heads; all other free persons; number of slaves.

Census of 1800

Name of head of family; address; number of free white males and females under 10 years of age, 10 and under 16, 16 and under 26, 26 and under 45, and 45 years and upward; all other free persons, except Indians not taxed; number of slaves.

Census of 1810

Name of head of family; address; number of free white males and females under 10 years of age, 10 and under 16, 16 and under 26, 26 and under 45, and 45 years and upward; all other free persons, except Indians not taxed; number of slaves.

Census of 1820

Name of head of family; address; number of free white males and females under 10 years of age, 10 and under 16, 16 and under 26, 26 and under 45, 45 years and upward; number of free white males between 16 and 18 year; foreigners not naturalized; male and female slaves and free colored persons under 14 years, 14 and under 26, 26 and under 45, 45 and upward; all other free persons, except Indians not taxed; number of persons (including slaves) engaged in agriculture, commerce, and manufactures.

Census of 1830

Name of head of family; address; number of free white males and females in 5 year age groups to 20, 10 year age groups from 20 to 100 years old and over; number of slaves and free colored persons in six broad age groups; number of deaf and dumb under 14, 14 to 24 and 25 years and upward; number of blind; foreigners not naturalized.

Census of 1840

Name of head of family; address; number of free white males and females in 5 year age groups to 20, 10 year age groups from 20 to 100, and 100 years old and over; number of slaves and free colored persons in six broad age groups; number of deaf and dumb, number of blind, number of insane and idiotic in public or private charge; number of persons in each family employed in each of seven classes of occupations; number of schools and number of scholars; number of white persons over 20 who could not read or write; number of pensioners for Revolutionary or military service.

Census of 1850

Address; name; age; sex; color (white, black or mulatto) for each person; whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane or idiotic; all free persons required to give vale of real estate owned; profession, occupation, or trade for each male over 15; place of birth; whether married within the year; whether attended school within the year; whether unable to read and write for persons over 20; whether a pauper or convict.

Census of 1860

Address; name; age; sex; color (white, black or mulatto) for each person; whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane or idiotic; all free persons required to give value of real estate owned; profession, occupation, or trade for each male over 15; place of birth (State, Territory, or country); whether married within the year; whether attended school within the year; whether unable to read and write for persons over 20; whether a pauper or convict.

Census of 1870

Address; name; age; sex; color (including Chinese and Indian); citizenship for males over 21; profession, occupation, or trade; value of real estate; value of personal estate; place of birth; whether father and mother were foreign born; born within the year; married within the year; attended school within the year; for persons 10 years old and over whether able to read and write; whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic.

Census of 1880

Address: name; relationship to head of family; sex; race; age; martial status; born within the year; married within the year; profession, occupation, or trade; number of months unemployed during census year; whether person is sick or temporary disabled so as to be unable to attend ordinary business or duties; if so what is the sickness or disability; whether blind, deaf, dumb, idiotic, insane, maimed, crippled or bedridden; attended school within the year, ability to read and write; place of birth of person, father and mother.

Census of 1890

More than 99% of the 1890 census was destroyed by fire in 1921.

Census of 1900

Address; name; relationship to the head of household; color or race; sex; month and year of birth; age at last birthday; martial status; if a wife is listed within the household, then the number of years married, number of children living; places of birth of each individual and of the parents of each individual; citizenship; if the individual is foreign born, then the year of immigration and the number of years in the United States; the citizenship status of foreign born individuals over 21; occupation; whether or not person can read, write, and speak English; whether home is owned or rented; whether or not home is a farm; and whether or not home is mortgaged.

Census of 1910

Address; name; relationship to family head; sex; race; age; martial status; number of years of present marriage; for women, number of children born and number of now living; birthplace and mother tongue of person and parents; if foreign born, year of immigration, whether naturalized, and whether able to speak English, or not, language spoken; occupation, industry, and class of worker; if an employee, whether out of work during year; literacy; school attendance; home owned or rented; if owned, whether mortgaged; whether farm or house; whether a survivor of Union or Confederate Army or Navy; whether blind or deaf or dumb.

Census of 1920

Address; name; relationship of head of family; home owned or rented; if owned, free or mortgaged; sex; color or race; age at last birthday; martial status; year of immigration; whether naturalized; if naturalized, year of naturalization; whether attended school any time since September 1st, 1919; whether able to read and write; birth place and mother tongue of person and parents; whether able to speak English; occupation; type of industry, business, or establishment in which person works; whether person is an employer, salary or wage worker, or working on own account.

 
Census of 1930

Address; name; relationship to head of family; home owned or rented; value of home or monthly rental; whether home has a radio; whether home is a farm; sex; color of race; age at last birthday;marital status; person's age at first marriage; whether person has attended school since September 1, 1929; birthplace; mother tongue; year of immigration; whether naturalized; whether able to speak English; trade or profession; whether an employer, wage worker, working on own account, or unpaid worker; whether the person was at work on March 31, 1930; if not, line of work listed on the Unemployment Schedule; whether person was a veteran or US military forces; if so, which war; if the person lived on a farm, the number on the farm schedule.

*Adapted from a Census Bureau publication.


Compiled by the History and Genealogy Department
1301 Olive Street
St. Louis, Missouri, 63103
(314) 539-0385

Reprinted June 2002

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