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BULLETInventions and Patents of African-Americans - 20th Century
Inventions and Patents of African-Americans - 20th Century is an index to the inventions, inventor, date, and patent number compiled from books and magazines owned by the St. Louis Public Library.

The Library will update this list as information is discovered and verified.

For additional information about this list, please contact the Business, Science, and Technology Department (Central Library).

Inventions and Patents of African-Americans - 19th Century

A B C D E F G H I J L M O P R S T U V W Z


INVENTION INVENTOR DATE PATENT
A
AEROPLANES (an improvement) Hale, Wm. April 7, 1925 1,563,278
AEROPLANES (propelling means for) Adams, J.S Oct. 19, 1920 1,356,329
AIR CONDITIONING (method for) Jones, F.M. Dec. 7, 1954 2,696,086
AIR CONDITIONING UNIT Jones, F.M. July 12, 1949 2,475,841
AIR SHIP Pickering, J. Feb. 20, 1900 643,975
AIRCRAFT (man powered glider) Prather, A. Feb. 6, 1973 3,715,011
AIRPLANE (safety device) Julian, H. May 24, 1921 1,379,264
ANHYDROUS ALKALINE EARTH HALIDES (preparation of) Taylor, M. Aug.6, 1957 2,801,899
ANHYDROUS LITHLUM SALTS (preparation of) Taylor, M. Aug 14, 1962 3,049.406
ANISOTROPIC BORON NITRIDE (preparing non laminating method) Smith,B. et al Oct 1, 1985 4,544,535
ANTENNA LINEARLY POLARIZED MONOPULSE LOBING, ETC Kelly, K.C. Nov 9, 1962 3,063,049
ANTENNA TESTING SHIELD Jones,H.S. et al Apr 10, 1962 3,029,430
ANTIOXIDANT COMPOSITION Hall, L.A. Aug 14, 1956 2,758,931
ANTIOXIDANT MATERIAL AND USE OF Hall, L.A. Nov 27, 1956 2,772,169
APPLIANCE CARRIER Flowers, D. Jul 18, 1995 5,433,359
APRON (BARBER'S) Mathis, N. Oct 7, 1975 D237,O22
ARTILLERY AMMUNITION TRAINING ROUND Buford, G.S.,S.r Feb 13, 1951 2,541,025
ASPHALT EMULSION AND MANUFACTURE OF Hall, L.A. Oct.18, 1932 1,882,834
ASSEMBLING AND DISAMBLING MACHINE Taylor, A.J. Jun 6, 1942 2,286,695
ATMOSPHERE (APPARATUS FO HEATING OF COOLING WITHIN AN ENCLOSURE) Jones, F.M. Oct 24, 1950 2,526,874

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B
BACK WASHER MOUNTED ON SHOWER WALL Kenner, M.B. Sep 9, 1987 4,696,068
BATHROOM TISSUE HOLDER Kenner, M.B. Oct 19, 1982 4,354,643
BED RACK Bradberry, H. May 25, 1943 2,320,027
BLOCKS Brisco, J.R. Apr 9, 1968 3,376,682
BOOKCASE Harper, J.H.,Jr. June 6, 1961 Dl90,500
BOOT OR SHOE Gunn, S.W. Jan 16, 1900 641,642
BOX (Shadow) Scott, J.C. Oct 1, 1968 D212,334
BRAKE (Automatic air) Woods, G.T. Jun 10, 1902 701,981

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C
CAR PARK Gilliard, J Nov 20, 1956 2,771,200
CARD GAME (Chemical) Forbes, D.A. Apr 17, 1934 D91,996
CARD GAME (Family relationship) Smith, M.A. Oct 28, 1980 4,230,321
CARRIER ATTACHMENT (for invalid walkers) Kenner, M.B. Sep 10, 1975 3,957,071
CATALYSTS (Reactivating hydro-forming) Brown, Henry Oct 22, 1968 3,407,135
CESIUM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY ION EXCHANGER (removal of) Russell, E.R. Jan 3, 1967 3,296,123
CHAIR (Folding) Beckley, C.P. Dec 24, 1974 3,856,345
CIGARETTE HOLDER AND ASH TRAY Stephens, G.B. Sep 11, 1956 2,762,377
CIRCUIT GATING (Transitorized) Emile, P.E. May 2, 1961 2,982,868
CIRCUIT MULTIVIBRATOR TRANSISTORIZED Emile, P.E. Nov 24, 1961 3,005,963
CIRCUIT PRESETTABLE BISTABLE Cox, E.L. et al Aug 1, 1967 3,334,245
CLOCK AND WALL PLAQUE (Combined) Jordan, J.H., Jr. Jun 22, 1971 D220,965
COIN CHANGER MECHANISM Bauer, J.A. Jan 20, 1970 3,490,571
COMPRESSOR, ROTARY Jones, F.M. Apr 18, 1950 2,504,841
CONTAINER (Non-capsized) Elder, C.L. Feb 6, 1968 3,367,525
CONTROLLER (Power) Hopkins, H.C. Nov 3, 1987 4,704,570
COPOLYMER, ACRYLIC (Preparation of water soluble, etc) Woodard, D.G. Apr 6, 1971 3,574,175
COPPER (Preparation of water soluble,etc) Jackson, H. Apr 1, 1969 3,436,233
CORN PLANTER (Check row) Mitchell, J.M. Jan 16, 1900 641,462
CORTISONE (Preparation of) Julian, P.L. Aug 10, 1954 2,752,339
COSMETIC AND PROCESS OF PRODUCING Carver, G.W. Jan 6, 1925 1,522,176
COUPLING VALVED (Quick disconnect) Gill, V. Aug 9, 1960 2,948,553

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D
DATA PROCESSOR PROCEDURE (entry for) Dent, B.A. Dec 15, 1970 3,548,384
DIAL OPERATIONS DEVICE (programmable external) Gurley, C.E. Apr 7, 1970 3,505,483
DIFFUSER COLD (method and means of defrosting) Jones, F.M. Jan 19, 1954 2,666,298
DOOR CHECK Lovell, H.R. Sep 13, 1932 D87,753
DOORBAR LATCH Logan, E.L., Jr. Jul 13, 1971 3,592,497
DRESSER Jordan, J.H.,Jr Feb 16,91971 D21 9,927

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E
ELECTRICAL TRANSLATING DEVICES (regulating and controlling) Woods, G.T. Sep 3, 1901 681,786
ELECTRODE (vertical liquid, etc) Cotton, D.J. Aug 9, 1977 4,040 932
ELECTROGAS (dynamic "M and D" apparatus) Gourdine, M.C. Jun 19, 1969 3,449,667
ENCAPSULATION PROCESS AND ITS PRODUCT (energy conversion system, closed cycle) Cosby, T.L. July 30, 1974 3,826,092
ENGINE (two cycle gas) Jones, F.M. Mar 11, 1947 2,417,253
ENGINE (two cycle internal combustion) Jones, F.M. Nov 28, 1950 2,522,273
ENGINE COMBUSTION INTERNAL (control device for) Jones, F.M. Sep 2, 1958 2,850,001
ENGINE,GAS (two-cycle) Jones, F.M. May 29, 1945 2,376,968
ENGINES, GAS (means for thermostatically operating) Jones. F.M. Jul 26, 1949 2,477,377
EXHAUST PURIFIER Stokes, R. Apr 16, 1968 3,378,241

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F
FIRE ESCAPE MECHANISM (EMERGENCY) Huntley, J.B. Apr 29, 1975 3,880,255
FIREPLACE DAMPER (ACTUATING TOOL) Ammons, V.M. Sep 3O, l975 3,908,633
FLAME RETARDANT Garner, A.Y. Nov 2, 1976 3,989,702
FOOT WARMER Thompson, J.A., Jr. May 25, 1946 2,442,026
FRUIT BOWL WALL HANGING KIT (embroidered) Cowans, B. et al Apr 5, 1977 4,016,314
FRUIT PRESS Turner, M.M. Apr 25, 1916 1,180,959
FUEL CELL (BIOCHEM) Perry, J., Jr. Nov 8, 1966 3,284,239
FUELS, LASER (carbon dioxide) Lee, L.H. Mar 8, 1977 4,011,116
FUR AND MATERIAL - DRESSING EQUIPMENT (thermostatic controlled) Harper, S. Jun 21, 1955 2,711,095
FURNACE (heating) Parker, A.H. Dec 23, 1919 1,325,905

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G
GAMES (improvement) Smith, J.W. Apr17, 1900 647,887
GEAR SHIFT (automatic) Spikes, R.B. Dec 6, 1932 1,889,814
GREASE COMPOSITION FLUOROCARBON POLYMERS, ETC. Christian, J.B. Oct 27, l970 3,536,624
GREASE COMPOSITION (use at high temperature) Christian, J.B. Jan 31, 1970 3,518,189

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H
HAIR CURLERS (thermostatic controlled) Harper, S. Aug ll, l953 2,648,757
HAIR, HUMAN, ANIMAL, & SYNTHETIC (treating with water-proofing composition) Scott, H.L. Mar 9, 1971 3,568,685
HAIR TREATING IMPLEMENT (electrical) Harper, S. Aug 5, 1930 1,772,002
HAT, RAIN Snowden, M. Apr 5,1983 4,378,606
HELICOPTER Williams, P.E. Nov 27, 1962 3,065,933
HYDROXYLAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE (production) Leonard, H., Jr. Jan 28, 1964 3,119,657

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I
IMAGE CONVERTER FOR DECT ELECTROMAGNETIC, ETC. Carruthers, G.R. Nov 11, 1969 3,478,216
INDUCTOR (ceramic)) Muckelroy, W.L. May 2l, 1974 3,812,442
ISOMERIZATION ( combined) Brown, H.T. Sep 19, 1961 3,000,995

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J
JOINT, FLUID Taylor, A.J. Jan 13, 1948 2,434,629
JOINT,UNIVERSAL (flexible & transparent lubricant housing for) Tate, C.W. Jan 28, l969 3,423,959

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L
LAMINAR FLUID "NOR" ELEMENT Walker, M.L., Jr Nov 18, l969 3,478,764
LAMP FIXTURE Latimer, L.H. Aug lO, 1910 968,787
LAVATORY AND TOILET TISSUE (moist dry) Thompson, J.A., Jr. Nov 25, l975 3,921,802
LAWN MOWER Nokes, C. Feb 12, l963 3,077,060
LEADLESS MICRO-MINIATOR INDUCTANCE ELEMENT, ETC. Muckelroy, W.L. Sep l2, 1972 3,691,497
LUBRICATOR Elijah, M.C. Mar 2, 1926 1,574,983

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M
MACHINE, ROTARY Cosby, T.L. Jul 22, 1969 3,456,594
MAGNETIC MODULATOR (distributed pulse forming network for microwave phase shift device.) Stafford, O.C. Aug 4, 1970 3,522,558
MILK BOTTLE COMBINATION OPENER AND BOTTLE COVER Spikes, R.B. Jun 29, 1926 1,590,557
MILK BOTTLE STOPPER Sluby, T.B. Feb 4, 1913 1,052,289
MONITORING AND CONTROL SYSTEMS (bi-directional) Elder, C.L. Dec 8, 1976 4,000,000
MONOLITHIC PLANAR DOPED BARRIER LIMITER Dixon, S., Jr Mar 31, 1987 4,654,609
MONOLITHIC PLANAR DOPED BARRIER SUBHARMONIC MIXER Dixon, S., Jr Jan 7, 1986 4,563,773

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O
OPTICAL APPARATUS Howard, D.C. Jan 24, 1939 2,145,116
OPTICAL CELL (high pressure for microwave phase shift device) Weir, C.E. Feb 26, 1963 3,079,505
OXIDE (method for growing, etc) Dugger C.O. Jul 27, 1971 3,595,808

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P
PAINT AND STAIN (PROCESS FOR PRODUCING) Carver, G.W. Jun 9, 1925 1,541,478
PAINT (PROCESS OF PRODUCING PAINTS AND STAINS) Carver, G.W. Jun 14, 1927 1,632,365
PAINT SYSTEM (electrostatic) Turner, A.H. Jan 16, 1962 3,017,115
PAINTING, ELECTROSTATIC Turner, A.H. Sep 18, 1962 3,054,697
PAPAIN COMPOSITION (manufacturing stable dry) Hall, L.A. Mar 15, 1949 2,464,200
PERISHABLES (method for preserving) Jones, F.M. Feb 12, 1957 2,780,923
PLATFORM (flying landing) Booker, P. Oct 10, 1961 3,003,717
POLYMERS (novel phosphony) Garner, A.Y. Mar 3, 1964 3,127,357
POLYSTYRENE (high impact) Leonard, H.,Jr. Jun 22, 1971 3,586,740
POWER GENERATING APPARATUS Peterson, C.A., Jr Jul 9, 1968 3,391,903
PRESSURE COOKER AND SMOKER (aromatic) Lee, M.W., Sr. Sep 29, 1959 2,906,191
PRINTING (assembled composition) Bankhead, C.A. Jul 16, 1963 3,097,594
PUNCTURE, CEILING COMPOSITION AND MANUFACTURE OF Hall, L.A. Sep 5, 1944 2,357,650

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R
RACK (mobile utility) Harper, D Apr 12, 1960 D187,654
RADIATORS (conformal edge-slot) Jones, H. et al Sep 27, 1977 4,051,480
RADOME (method of making) Howard, D.M. Jun 24, 1969 3,451,127
RAILROADS (safety system for operating) Dammon, W.H. Jun 19, 1906 823,513
RAILWAY BRAKES Woods, L. et al Mar 29, 1904 755,825
RAILWAY, ELECTRIC Woods, G.T. May 26, 1903 729,481
RAILWAY ELECTRIC Woods, G.T. Jan 29, 1901 667,110
RAILAY, ELECTRIC Woods, G.T. Nov 19, 1901 687,098
RAILWAY SWITCH (electrically controlled and operated) Williams, P.B. Jan 15, 1901 666,080
RAILWAY SYSTEM, ELECTRIC Woods, G.T. Jul 9,1901 678,086
RAILWAY SYSTEM ELECTRIC Woods, G.T. Jan 13, 1903 718,183
RAILWAY TRACK SWITCH (electro-magnetic electrical) Williams, P.B. Apr 24, 1900 648,092
RECEPTABLE SUPPORT (portable) Griffin, B.V. Apr 24, 1951 2,550,554
REFRIGERATION CONTROL DEVICE Jones, F.T. Jan 8, 1952 2,581,956
REFRIGERATION UNITS Jones, F.T. May 2, 1950 2,509,099
REFRIGERATOR (construction prefrabricated) Jones, F.T. Dec 12, 1950 2,535,682
ROCKET CATAPULT MacDonald, H.D. Jun 3, 1969 3,447,767
ROCKET ENGINE PUMP FEED SYSTEM Samms, A. Sep 10, 1961 3,000,179

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S
SANITARY BELT Kenner, M.B. May 15, 1956 2,745,406
SATELLITES (mass release mechanism for) Hull, W.E. Jan 28, 1969 3,424,403
SCOURING PADS (stainless steel) Benjamin,A. Jun 19, 1962 3,039,125
SECURITY SYSTEM, ETC (home) Brown, V.B. Dec 2, 1969 3,482,037
SHACKLE (adjustable) Frye, I. S. Sep 23, 1969 3,468,123
SHOCK ABSORBER (hydraulic) Sanderson, R.W. Jan 9, 1968 3,362,742
SIGNAL GENERATOR Ancker,B.J Nov 22, 1966 3,287,659
STARTER GENERATOR Jones, F.M. Jul 12, 1949 2,475,842
STERILIZING FOODSTUFF Hall, L.A. Feb 8, 1938 2,107,697
STEROLS (recovery of) Julian, P.L. Oct 22, 1940 2,218,971
SWEEPSTAKE PROGRAMMER Elder, C. Jan 19, 1971 3,556,531
SWITCH, TIMING (sublimation) Hull, W.E. Nov 15, 1966 3,286,064
SYRINGE (disposable) Brooks, P. Apr 9,1974 3,802,434

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T
2~FLURO-2-DINITROETHANOL (process for the synthesis of) Nauflette, G.W. Mar 28, 1972 3,682,686
TABLE (cocktail) Jordan, J.H., Jr May 18, 1971 D220,768
TABLE, (morticians) Coles, L. Mar 26, 1974 3,799,534
TANK LIQUIDS (method and apparatus for obtaining average samples and temperatures of) Spikes, R.B. Oct 27, 1931 1,828,753
TELEPHONE ALARM APPARATUS (automatic) Gurley, C.E. Apr 7, 1970 3,505,476
THERMOSTAT AND TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM Jones, F.M. Feb 23, 1960 2,926,005
THERMOSTAT (window) Crosthwait, D.N. Apr 11, 1944 2,346,560
TICKET DISPENSING MACHINE Jones, F.M. Jun 27, 1939 2,163,754
TOP STRINGLESS (spinable) Brown, P.L. Aug 11, 1970 3,523,386
TORPEDO DISCHARGE (means of) Bradberry, H. Dec 11, 1945 2,390,688
TOY (knockdown, wheeled) Holmes, L.M. Nov 14, 1950 2,529,692
TRAFFIC SIGNAL Morgan G.A. Nov 20, 1923 1,475,024
TRANSMISSION AND SHIFTING,ETC. Spikes, R.B. Nov 28, 1933 1,936,996
TRANSMITTER, ILLUSION Thomas, V.L. Oct 21,1980 4,229,761
TUNGSTEN HEXAFLUORIDE, ETC. (preparation of) Russell, J.L. Nov 30, 1976 3,995,011

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U
URINALYSIS MACHINE Sanderson, D.S. Jul 28, 1970 3,522,011

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V
VENETIAN BLIND RESTRINGER Nokes, C. Jun 3, 1958 2,836,882

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W
WAVE GUIDE COMPONENTS Jones, H.S., Jr. Jul 29, 1962 3,046,507
WAVE GUIDE LINE STRETCHER (magneto-mechanical) Jones, H.S., Jr. Aug 23, 1966 3,268,837
WEIGHING AND TOTALING LOAD DEVICE, ETC. Davis, S.H. Jul 30, 1943 2,324,769
WHEELCHAIR (stair climbing) Weaver, R.J. Nov 19, 1968 3,411,598
WIRE DEVICE (triggered exploding) Jefferson, D. Nov 29, 1966 3,288,068
WIRE STRIPPING TOOL Leonard J. Alexander Dec. 19, 2000 6,161,289
WRENCH, MONKEY (improved) Johnson, J.A. Apr 18, 1922 1,413,121

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Z
ZIRCONIA COMPOSITION AND PROCESS (transparent) Smith J.S., II Mar 11, 1967 3,432,314

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BIBLIOGRAPHY:

The above information was compilied from the following books and magazines.

BOOKS

Adams, Russell L. Great Negroes, past and present. Afro-American Publishing Co. c1964, is located at the Julia Davis Branch (Call Number: 920 Non-Circulating)

Black First: 2,000 years of extraordinary achievement. edited by Jessie Carney Smith; with Casper L. Jordan, et al. Gale Research. c1994. Copies are available at the following locations: Humanities (Central Library) , Infomation Center (Central Library) , Baden , Cabanne , Carondelet , Carpenter , and Julia Davis (Call Number: 909.0496 Non-Circulating)

Black in science: ancient and modern. Ivan Van Sertima, editor. Transaction Books, c1983. Copies are available at the following locations: Humanities (Central Library) , Stacks (Central Library) , Baden , Cabanne , Carpenter , Julia Davis , Divoll , Lashly (Call Number: 509.6)

Burt, McKinley, Jr. Black inventors of America. Portland. National Book Co. c1989. Copies are available at the following locations: Business , Science and Technology Department (Central Library) , Stacks (Central Library) , Cabanne , Julia Davis (Call Number: 609.22)

Flynn, James J. Negroes of Achievement in modern America. Dodd,Mead. [1970], is located in the Stacks (Central Library) (Call Number: 920.009)

Hayden, Robert C. 9 African American inventors. Twenty-First Century Books. c1992. (Not currently owned by the Library)

Haskins, James. Outward dreams: Black inventors and their inventions. Walker and Co. c1991, is available at the Carpenter Branch (Call Number: 609.22)

Ives, Patricia Carter. Creativity and inventions: the genius of Afro-Americans and women in the United States and their patents. Research Unlimited. c1987. (Not currently owned by the Library)

Logan, Rayford Whittingham. Dictionary of American Negro. Copies are available at the following locations: History and Genealogy Department (Central Library) , Baden , Barr , Buder , Cabanne , Julia Davis , Divoll , Walnut Park (Call Number: 920.009296 Non-Circulating)

Negro Almanac: a reference work on the African American. 5th edition. c1989. Copies are available at the following locations: Humanitites (Central Library) , Baden , Barr , Buder , Cabanne , Carondelet , Carpenter , Julia Davis , Divoll , Kingshighway , Lashly (Call Number: 973.0496 Non-Circulating)

MAGAZINE ARTICLES

Black Enterprise. June, 1981. Pioneers in technology, is located at the Microfilm Department (Central Library)

Ebony Magazine. February, 1990. Black inventors, is located at the Microfilm Department (Central Library)

Ebony Magazine. February, 1996. Advertisement. "Every time you use these things.. you're celebrating Black History," is located at the Microfilm Department (Central Library)

Jet Magazine. April, 21,1986. Inventors' Hall of Fame, is located at Microfilm Department (Central Library)

Jet Magazine. February 22, 1993. Black inventors who helped make life better for all, is located at the Microfilm Department (Central Library)

Pathfinders: Scientist and inventors. n.d. Published by Boston Edison Company. (Not currently owned by the Library) (Pamphlet).

Connect to Inventions and Patents of African Americans - 19th Century

Prepared by Velma L. Martin
Librarian
St. Louis Public Library
December, 1996



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