ST. LOUIS PUBLIC LIBRARY
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Spring 2004
A Publication of the St. Louis Public Library

Vol. 4   No. 1

THEY CAME FROM… Kentucky!
Dates in Kentucky history of interest to genealogists.

A TIMELINE OF EVENTS FROM 1775-1975

1775

Captain William Twetty is killed by Indians while in the company of thirty axemen cutting the Wilderness Road. He is buried inside the walls of a fort named in his honor, the first such structure in the area that will become Kentucky.

1778

Siege of Boonesborough by a mixed force of British soldiers, irregulars, and Indians is repulsed, securing the western frontier from British domination.

1782

At the Battle of Blue Licks, the last Revolutionary War battle fought in Kentucky (August 19), 180 Kentuckians are lured into an ambush by a mixed force of nearly 1,000 Indians, British regulars, and irregulars. Seventy-two Kentuckians, nearly half their number, are killed in the ambush. One is Daniel Boone's son, Isaac. The British and Indian victors lose three men in the contest.
1782-1792 Bounty lands provided by Virginia to its war veterans are located in the area that will one day become the state of Kentucky (1782-1792). Virginia cedes the area known as Kentucky County to the federal government, which agrees to assume responsibility for pension and bounty land claims of Virginia Revolutionary War veterans. Jefferson, Lincoln, and Fayette Counties are formed from Kentucky County.
1792 The State of Kentucky is formed from Kentucky County, an area which had been part of Virginia. John Adair of Shelby County is first governor. Bounty lands provided to Virginia war veterans after this date are located in an area known as the Virginia Military District of Ohio.
1795 Numerous Kentucky county courthouses fall victim to fires, floods, tornadoes, or wars, including the Washington County Courthouse in this year and again in 1814.
1812-1815 Many members of the Kentucky militia serve as soldiers in the War of 1812. The Military Records and Research Branch in Frankfort maintain records of men serving in the Kentucky militia, 1792-present.
1850 The 1850 and 1860 Slave Schedules enumerate the state's slave population, but generally provide only name of the slaveholder, not names of slaves in the household.
1852 Birth and death records are kept by some Kentucky counties during this time period. These records include free persons and slaves. Birth records of slaves were required to record only the mother's name; both birth and death records of slaves record name of the owner.
1855 Widespread anti-Catholic and anti-foreign sentiment leads to the Bloody Monday Election Riot on August 6, 1855, in Louisville.
1860 Ninety-five percent of Kentucky's black population are slaves. Free blacks prior to 1865 generally lived in Kentucky's urban areas. Twenty- seven thousand residents of Kentucky are German-born. Total Kentucky population is 1.15 million.
1861 Kentucky declares itself neutral at start of the Civil War. Many Kentuckians enlisting in the Union Army in June-September 1861 cross over to Indiana or Ohio to do so. Recruiting for Kentucky Union regiments begins in October. The 6th Kentucky Infantry Regiment includes many German-born Kentuckians from Louisville. Many of these speak only German, so commands are given in that language. The 4th Kentucky Cavalry Regiment includes three companies composed primarily of German-born Kentuckians.
1862 The Battle of Perryville (October 8) is decided in favor of the Union when the Army of the Ohio defeats the Confederate invasion force under General Braxton Bragg. Louisville Military Prison serves as the primary confinement point for prisoners of war and civilian prisoners held in Kentucky. Many long-term confinees were shipped from this prison to facilities in Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois.
1863-1865 More than 23,000 Kentucky blacks serve in the Union Army. Some Kentucky counties maintained lists of slaves who entered the Union Army.
1865 Approximately 75,000 Kentuckians serve in the Union Army. An additional 12,000 men serve in the state militia and in irregular units. An estimated 25,000-40,000 Kentuckians serve in the Confederate army.
1866 Information sources for many Kentucky black persons prior to this time reflect the fact that the vast majority of such persons prior to 1865 were slaves. German-born Philipp Tomppert is elected mayor of Louisville.
1867 Some former Confederate soldiers and politicians must apply for presidential pardons (1865-1867) in order to have their rights of citizenship restored.
1883 Advances in transportation and public utilities are showcased in the Southern Exposition held at Louisville.
1890 Census of Union veterans and their widows is taken. Confederate veterans were sometimes accidentally enumerated in this census.
1894 Kentucky women are allowed to vote in school elections in some municipalities. The law allowing this is repealed in 1902.
1902 The Confederate Veterans Home in Oldham County is established by act of the Kentucky General Assembly.
1904 So-called "Day Law" (named for Carl Day, state representative from Breathitt County) prohibits whites and blacks from attending the same schools.
1908 The U.S. Supreme Court upholds the "Day Law," which remains in force until 1950, when the Kentucky General Assembly amends the law.
1910 The 1910 Federal Census denotes whether man is a Union or Confederate veteran with a "U" or a "C" in the appropriate column.
1911 An index for Kentucky deaths, 1911-1992, is available at http://ukcc.uky.edu/~vitalrec/. Copies of birth and death records 1911-present are available from the Office of Vital Statistics in Frankfort.
1912 The last of Kentucky's 120 counties is formed from parts of Pulaski, Wayne, and Whitley Counties. The federal government compiles a register of burial sites of Confederate POWs. A majority of Kentucky Confederates listed in this register are in cemeteries in Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois. Confederate Pension Act is approved by the Kentucky General Assembly.
1915 The Adjutant General is directed by the Kentucky General Assembly to compile "all the data obtainable concerning the different organizations who enlisted or served in the Army of the Confederate States in the War of the Rebellion." The Adjutant General's two-volume report is published.
1941-1945 4,526 Kentucky members of the U.S. Army and U.S. Army Air Corps are killed during World War II.
1950-1953 2,055 Kentucky members of the U.S. Army are killed in Korea.
1961-1975 1,037 Kentucky soldiers, sailors, and airmen are killed in Vietnam.

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