ST. LOUIS PUBLIC LIBRARY
PREMIER LIBRARY SOURCES

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Summer 2003
A Publication of the St. Louis Public Library

Vol. 3   No. 3

THEY CAME FROM…OHIO!
They Came From… highlights dates in the history of a particular place.


A TIME LINE OF EVENTS FROM 1747-1949

1747 Ohio Company formed to settle Ohio River Valley. Early Ohio is nominally British but is dominated largely by the French.
1781 Virginia relinquishes its claim to lands northwest of the Ohio River. In exchange, it receives the right to issue bounty land warrants & patents to Revolutionary War veterans in the "Virginia Military District of Ohio," which opens in 1784. It continues to issue bounty land warrants and patents there until 1803.
1787 Northwest Territory is formed by U.S. government (includes area later to become the State of Ohio).
1788 Ohio Company establishes first permanent settlement in Marietta. Congress passes legislation allowing any soldier who served in the Continental Line from any state during the Revolutionary War to claim at least 100 acres of bounty land in the U.S. Military District of Ohio.
1790-1791 Chief Little Turtle of the Miami tribe leads an alliance of Indian tribes whom defeats American armies in 1790 & 1791.
1794 Indians banded together under the leadership of Little Turtle are defeated at the Battle of Fallen Timbers by an army under the command of General "Mad" Anthony Wayne.
1803 Ohio becomes a state.
1846-1848 Approximately 7,000 Ohioans serve in Mexican-American War regiments.
1851 Divorce records kept by Court of Common Pleas 1851-1948. Divorce records prior to 1851 could be recorded in Supreme Court, Chancery Court, or Court of Common Pleas.
1861-1865 Ohio provides 346,326 soldiers & sailors to the Union war effort. Nineteen Ohioans are made major generals; 53 are made brigadier generals.
1867 Many Ohio counties begin recording births and deaths (these records kept by Probate Court prior to 1908).
1898 Ohio provides 15,354 men for the Spanish-American War.
1908 Ohio counties must furnish copies of birth records to the Ohio Department of Health, Division of Vital Statistics. (Ohio Historical Society has copies of death records of Ohio counties for the period 1908-1944.)
1917-1918 Ohio provides 226,000 men and women for American forces in World War I, including 26,000 Ohio National Guardsmen.
1941-1945 Ohio provides 760,000 men and women for American forces in World War II.
1945 Ohio counties must furnish copies of death records to the Ohio Department of Health, Division of Vital Statistics.
1949 Ohio counties must furnish copies of marriage and divorce records to the Ohio Department of Health, Division of Vital Statistics.

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