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BULLET St. Louis City Revised Code Chapter 26.08 Zoning Definitions

St. Louis City Revised Code (annotated) has been converted to electronic format by the staff of the St. Louis Public Library. This electronic version has been done for the interest and convenience of the user. These are unofficial versions and should be used as unofficial copies.

Official printed copies of St. Louis City Revised Code may be obtained from the Register's Office at the St. Louis City Hall.



Chapter 26.08
Zoning Definitions

Sections:

26.08.010 Application of definitions.
26.08.020 Accessory building.
26.08.025 Accessory use.
26.08.030 Alley.
26.08.035 Animal clinic.
26.08.040 Apartment house.
26.08.050 Basement.
26.08.053 Bed and breakfast guesthouse.
26.08.056 Bed and breakfast homestay.
26.08.058 Bed and breakfast inn.
26.08.060 Boarding house.
26.08.070 Building.
26.08.080 Building, height of.
26.08.090 Buildable width.
26.08.100 Cellar.
26.08.101 Check-cashing establishment.
26.08.103 Clinic.
26.08.104 Conditional use.
26.08.105 Conversion town house.
26.08.110 Dwelling.
26.08.115 Dwelling unit.
26.08.120 Dwelling, single-family.
26.08.130 Dwelling, two-family.
26.08.140 Dwelling, semi-detached two-family.
26.08.150 Dwelling, multiple-family.
26.08.160 Family.
26.08.162 Financial institution.
26.08.165 Floor area.
26.08.166 Floor area ratio.
26.08.170 Frontage.
26.08.180 Garage, private.
26.08.190 Garage, public.
26.08.200 Garage, storage.
26.08.210 Garage, warehouse.
26.08.230 Guestroom.
26.08.240 Home occupation.
26.08.245 Home for senior citizens.
26.08.250 Hospital.
26.08.260 Hotel.
26.08.270 Lot.
26.08.280 Lot, corner.
26.08.290 Lot, depth of.
26.08.300 Lot, interior.
26.08.310 Lot, lines.
26.08.320 Lot, through.
26.08.325 Motor fuel pumping station.
26.08.330 Nonconforming use.
26.08.331 Nonconforming structure.
26.08.337 Package liquor store.
26.08.340 Parking lot, commercial.
26.08.350 Parking space.
26.08.360 Place.
26.08.370 Premises.
26.08.375 Restaurant.
26.08.377 Restaurant, carry-out.
26.08.380 Rooming house.
26.08.384 Short-term loan establishment.
26.08.385 Sign.
26.08.387 Sleeping room.
26.08.390 Story.
26.08.400 Story, half.
26.08.410 Street.
26.08.420 Structural alteration.
26.08.430 Structure.
26.08.432 Telephone, outdoor pay.
26.08.433 Tourist home.
26.08.435 Town house.
26.08.440 Yard.
26.08.450 Yard, front.
26.08.460 Yard, rear.
26.08.470 Yard, side.
26.08.480 Zoning administrator.

Prior ordinance history:

Ord. 59979.

26.08.010 Application of definitions.

For the purpose of this zoning code certain terms and words are hereby defined. Words used in the present tense shall include the future, the singular shall include the plural and the singular; the word "building" shall include the word "structure," the word "lot" shall include the word "plot"; and the word "shall" is mandatory and not directory. Any term not herein defined shall be construed as defined in the "Building Code of the City of St. Louis."
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.020 Accessory building.

A subordinate building the use of which is incidental to that of the main building.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.025 Accessory use.

The term applied to a use that is subordinate in physical character to the principal use, that is clearly incidental to the principal use and that is located on the same lot with the principal use.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.030 Alley.

A public thoroughfare which affords only a secondary means of access to abutting property.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.035 Animal clinic.

An establishment that is used for the practice of veterinary medicine.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.040 Apartment house.

A dwelling, multiple-family.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.050 Basement.

A story having part but not more than one half its height below grade. A basement shall not be included in computing the number of stories of buildings referred to in any part of the Zoning Code unless it is subdivided, rented, sold or leased for dwelling purposes.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.053 Bed and breakfast guesthouse.

A dwelling having not more than seven guest-rooms where travelers for compensation are lodged for sleeping purposes with at least a morning meal provided. It is owner-occupied, and no more than three (3) guestrooms shall be served by one bathroom and a separate bathroom must be maintained for the owner occupants.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.056 Bed and breakfast homestay.

A dwelling having not more than two guestrooms where travelers for compensation are lodged for sleeping purposes with at least a morning meal provided. It is owner-occupied, having no employees, and lodging travelers.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.058 Bed and breakfast inn.

A building having not more than nineteen guestrooms where travelers for compensation are lodged for sleeping purposes with at least a morning meal provided. No more than three guestrooms shall be served by one bathroom and if owner or manager occupied, a separate bathroom must be maintained for said owner or manager.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.060 Boarding house.

A rooming house where, for compensation, meals are provided
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.070 Building.

Any structure for the shelter, support or enclosure of persons, animals, chattels or property of any kind. When separated by division walls without openings, each portion of such building, so separated shall be deemed a separate building.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.080 Building, height of.

The vertical distance measured from the curb grade or its equivalent established grade at a point midway between the two side lot lines to the highest point of the roof in the case of a flat roof, to the deck line of a mansard roof, or to the mean height level between the eaves and ridge of a gable, hip or gambrel roof excluding church spires, except that, where buildings are set back from the street line, the height on the building may be measured from the average elevation of the finished lot grade at the base of the front of the building.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.090 Buildable width.

The width of that part of the lot not included within the open spaces herein required in the Zoning Code.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.100 Cellar.

A story having more than one-half its height below grade. A cellar shall not be included in computing the number of stories of buildings referred to in any part of the Zoning Code unless it is subdivided, rented, sold or leased for dwelling purposes.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.101 Check-cashing establishment.

A business engaged in cashing checks for the general public as an element of its operation, which exceeds 50% of its gross revenues, and which is not licensed by the appropriate state or federal agency as a bank, savings and loan association, or credit union.

Check-cashing establishments are not permitted in zoning districts "A," "B," "C," "D," "E," "F," and "L" and may be permitted as conditional uses in zoning districts "G," "H," "I," "J," and "K." No permit shall be issued for any Check-cashing establishment that is located within 5,280 feet of any other check-cashing establishment and/or short-term loan establishment, or within five hundred (500) feet of any premises used as a dwelling including, but not limited to, a single-family dwelling, a two-family dwelling, a multi-family dwelling, a town home, or a semi-attached two-family, or within five hundred (500) feet of any structure used as elementary or secondary schools.
(Ord. No. 68185, 2, 12-1-2008: prior: Ord. 64836 1, 2, 1999.)

26.08.103 Clinic.

An establishment that is used for the provision of medical treatment for sick or injured people, treatment of alcohol and drug abuse, and treatment of the mentally or physically handicapped on an outpatient basis.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.104 Conditional use.

A use not authorized as a matter of right by the regulations of the district in which the use is proposed to be located but subject to being authorized for such district by action of the Zoning Administrator. The appropriateness of a particular use is to be determined based on the requirements and standards specified in Section 26.80.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.105 Conversion town house.

A town house as defined in Section 26.08.435; except that such town house is the product of a reconstruction or rehabilitation of a previously constructed dwelling, that the total number of town houses resulting from the reconstruction or rehabilitation is equal to or less than the total number of dwelling units previously existing in the dwelling, that the total floor area of the previously constructed dwelling shall not be increased resulting from the reconstruction or rehabilitation of a previously constructed dwelling, and that the aggregate area of all the town house lots resulting from the reconstruction or rehabilitation is no less than the area of the lot of the previously existing dwelling. Reference to a town house in this Zoning Code includes reference to a conversion town house unless a conversion town house is specifically distinguished.
(Ord. 64868 2, 2000: prior: Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.110 Dwelling.

Any building, or portion thereof, which is designed for or used for residential purposes.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.115 Dwelling unit.

A room or group of rooms with cooking and sanitary facilities, occupied or arranged for occupancy by a single family.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.120 Dwelling, single-family.

A building containing one dwelling unit.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.130 Dwelling, two-family

A building containing two dwelling units.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.140 Dwelling, semi-detached two-family.

Two 2-family dwellings separated by a division wall.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.150 Dwelling, multiple-family.

A building containing three or more dwelling units, other than a town house, rooming or boarding house, bed and breakfast establishments, semi-detached two family dwelling, hotel or motel.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.160 Family.

A person, or group of persons immediately related by blood, marriage or adoption, living as a single housekeeping unit; also a group of not more than three (3) persons not necessarily related by blood, marriage or adoption, living as a single housekeeping unit.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.162 Financial institution.

An establishment that is engaged in the business of a bank, savings and loan association, or credit union that is regulated by state or federal authority. Such establishment includes, without limitation, an office building or portion thereof devoted to such use, a drive-up facility, and a facility containing one or more automated teller machines.
(Ord. 64837 3, 1999: prior: Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.165 Floor area.

The total interior area of all floors of a building or structure measured to the inside face of the exterior walls but excluding stairwells, lobbies, common corridors and other nonleasable circulation areas, elevator shafts and space occupied by mechanical equipment or space related to the operation and maintenance of the building as well as that floor surface covered by walls or partitions enclosing these common areas or elements of a building.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.166 Floor area ratio.

The total floor area of a building or structure on any lot divided by the total area of that lot.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.170 Frontage.

All the land abutting on one side of a street or place between two intersecting streets or places (crossing or terminating) measured along the line dividing the street or place from the individual lots, or if the street or place be a dead end, then all the property abutting on one side between an intersecting street or place and the dead-end of the street or place, or if neither of the above apply, then all the land abutting on one side of particular block as designated by house numbers.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.180 Garage, private.

A building or portion of a building designed or used for the housing of motor driven vehicles.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.190 Garage, public.

A building or portion of a building other than a private garage, a storage garage, or a warehouse garage, used for storage, equipping, repairing, hiring or selling of motor driven vehicles.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.200 Garage, storage.

A building or portion of a building, other than a private garage, used exclusively for storage of motor driven vehicles.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.210 Garage, warehouse.

A building or portion of a building used exclusively for the storage of motor driven vehicles awaiting sale.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.230 Guestroom.

A room for lodging by no more than four (4) persons in a bed and breakfast establishment.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.240 Home occupation.

An accessory use of a dwelling unit that constitutes either entirely or partly the livelihood of a person living in the dwelling unit. See Section 26.80.060--Home Occupations.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.245 Home for senior citizens.

A residential building containing eight or more bedrooms limited to the use and occupancy of any persons, married or single, 62 years of age or over; such building shall not be used for such purposes as a convalescent or nursing home.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.250 Hospital.

An institution providing medical treatment and overnight bed care for the sick or injured.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.260 Hotel.

A building, other than a bed and breakfast inn, used as the abiding place of more than 20 persons who are for compensation lodged with or without meals.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.270 Lot.

A parcel of land occupied or proposed for improvement with one main building together with the accessory structures and uses customarily incidental to it and including such open space as is required under the Zoning Code, which parcel of land is either referred to in Section 26.80.050 or has its principal frontage either on a public street or place on a private residence street of record. Land that was formerly part of another lot and that was required for compliance with area regulations for an existing building on such other lot shall not be considered in determining whether a building to be erected, enlarged, structurally altered or moved complies with applicable area regulations.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.280 Lot, corner.

A lot abutting on two streets at their intersection.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.290 Lot, depth of.

The minimum horizontal distance between the front and rear lot lines.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.300 Lot, interior.

A lot other than a corner lot.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.310 Lot, lines.

Lines bounding a lot, as defined herein.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.320 Lot, through.

An interior lot having a frontage on each of two streets parallel or approximately parallel to each other.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.325 Motor fuel pumping station.

An establishment having one or more pumps wherein a principal activity is the sale of motor fuel that is directly dispensed to the consumer's vehicle.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.330 Nonconforming use.

Any building or land lawfully occupied by a use on May 25, 1950, or on the effective date of any amendment to Ordinance 45309, and which is in conflict with one or more of the regulations of the district in which it is situated.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.331 Nonconforming structure.

A structure which existed lawfully prior to May 25, 1950, or on the effective date of any amendment to Ordinance 45309, and which is in conflict with one or more of the regulations of the district in which it is situated.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.337 Package liquor store.

An establishment at which primarily liquor products are sold at retail and not for consumption on the premises.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.340 Parking lot, commercial.

A lot on which space for parking is offered to the general public in return for a consideration or compensation.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.350 Parking space.

A surfaced area, exclusive of driveways, permanently reserved for the temporary storage of one automobile and connected directly with a street or alley or connected thereto by a driveway. The layout, arrangement and dimensions of drives and parking spaces shall be in accordance with Section 26.16.080.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.360 Place.

An open unoccupied space other than a street or alley permanently reserved and approved by the Board of Public Service as the principal means of access to abutting property.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.370 Premises.

A continuous area of land and any structures thereon all under a single ownership or operation under a single direction, which premises may include one or more adjacent lots, or fractions of lots.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.375 Restaurant.

An establishment where meals or refreshments are sold to the public.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.377 Restaurant, carry-out.

A restaurant where food, frozen dessert, or beverages are primarily sold in a packaged, ready-to-consume state, intended for ready consumption by the customer on or off the premises.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.380 Rooming house.

A dwelling, other than a hotel or bed and breakfast establishment, where, for compensation, lodging only is provided.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.384 Short-term loan establishment.

A business engaged in providing short-term loans to members of the general public as an element of its operation and which is not licensed by the appropriate state or federal agency as a bank, savings and loan association, or credit union. Short-term loan establishments shall include businesses offering title loans, payday loans, signature loans, small loans, pawnshops, and other similar businesses.

Short-term loan establishments are not permitted in zoning districts "A," "B," "C," "D," "E," "F," and "L" and may be permitted as conditional uses in zoning districts "G," "H," "I," "J," and "K".

No permit shall be issued for any short-term loan establishment that is located within 5,280 feet of any other short-term loan establishment and/or check-cashing establishment, or within five hundred (500) feet of any premises used as a dwelling including, but not limited to, a single-family dwelling, a two-family dwelling, a multi-family dwelling, a town home, or a semi-attached two-family, or within five hundred (500) feet of any structure used as elementary or secondary schools.
(Ord. No. 68185, 3, 12-1-2008: prior: Ord. 64837 1, 2, 1999.)

26.08.385 Sign.

Any structure or part thereof, or any device attached to, painted on, or represented on a building or other structure, upon which is displayed or included any letter, word, model, banner, flag, insignia, decoration, device, or representation used as, or in the nature of, an announcement, direction, advertisement, or attention directing device.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.387 Sleeping room.

A room or group of rooms, without cooking facilities, comprising sleeping accommodations for one family, within a rooming house or hotel.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.390 Story.

That part of a structure contained between the level of one finished floor, or, if the top story, that part of a structure contained between the level of the highest finished floor and the ceiling above it.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.400 Story, half.

A space under a sloping roof which has the line of intersection of roof decking and wall face not more than 3 feet above the top floor level and in which space not more than two-thirds of the floor area is furnished for use.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.410 Street.

A public thoroughfare which affords principal means of access to abutting property.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.420 Structural alteration.

Any change in the supporting members of a building such as bearing walls, columns, lintels, beams or girders.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.430 Structure.

A combination of material assembled, constructed or erected at a fixed location, including a building, the use of which requires location on the ground or attachment to something located on the ground.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.432 Telephone, outdoor pay.

"Outdoor pay telephone" means a telephone for hire located on private property which is not located within a building used for additional purposes with controlled access by means of a door or doors that may be locked.
(Ord. 64167 2, 1997.)

26.08.433 Tourist home.

A bed and breakfast establishment.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.435 Town house.

A series of attached single-family dwellings separated by exterior quality walls or a common wall between units as required by the St. Louis building code, except that the maximum number of abutting dwelling units in any town house series shall not exceed eight, that each dwelling unit shall front wholly and directly upon a public street, or private place or upon a courtyard or way through which the owner of the town house dwelling unit has legally guaranteed ingress and egress to a public street or private place, and that each such dwelling unit shall have a dimension of not less than 14 feet along the width of the dwelling unit. Any contiguous grouping of five or more town house dwelling units to be developed as herein defined shall be subject to the provisions and requirements of Section 26.16.100.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.440 Yard.

Open space between buildings and the adjoining lot line which is open to the sky unobstructed by a structure other than (1) sills, belt courses and ornamental features not to exceed 4 inches; (2) that portion of cornices or roof overhang and fixed awnings that is 3 feet or less (except that, when a yard is required, cornices, roof overhang and fixed awnings shall not be any closer to any lot line than 2 feet); (3) that portion of open fire escapes, unenclosed porches or balconies that 3 feet or less (except that, when a yard is required, open fire escapes, unenclosed porches or balconies shall not be any closer to any lot line than 3 feet); and (4) ordinary projection of chimneys and pilasters when placed so as not to obstruct light and ventilation.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.450 Yard, front.

A yard measured across the width of the entire lot and situated between the front lot line and the nearest portion of the main building other than steps, unenclosed balconies or unenclosed porches.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.460 Yard, rear.

A yard measured between the side lot lines, the rear lot line and the nearest portion of the main building other than steps, unenclosed balconies or unenclosed porches.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.470 Yard, side.

A yard measured between the side line of the lot and the main building or any projection thereof and extending from the front yard to rear yard.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

26.08.480 Zoning administrator.

A position created within the Department of Public Safety and appointed by the Building Commissioner. The position is responsible for administering and enforcing the Zoning Code, in accordance with Chapter 26.88.
(Ord. 62588 2 (part), 1992.)

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