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BULLET St. Louis City Revised Code Chapter 25.52 Smoke Detectors

St. Louis City Revised Code (annotated) has been converted to electronic format by the staff of the St. Louis Public Library. This electronic version has been done for the interest and convenience of the user. These are unofficial versions and should be used as unofficial copies.

Official printed copies of St. Louis City Revised Code may be obtained from the Register's Office at the St. Louis City Hall.



Chapter 25.52
Smoke Detectors

Sections:

25.52.010 Definitions.
25.52.020 Installation requirements--After January 1, 1985.
25.52.030 Installation requirements--One-year compliance period.
25.52.040 Location requirements.
25.52.050 Type of detector.
25.52.060 Owner responsibility to install, test and maintain.
25.52.070 Enforcement and inspection.
25.52.080 Battery removal prohibited.
25.52.090 Penalty for violation.

25.52.010 Definitions.

For the purpose of this chapter, the following terms, phrases, words and their derivations shall have the meaning given herein. When not inconsistent with the context, words used in the present time include the future, words in singular number include the plural number. The word "shall" is mandatory and "may" is permissive. Words not defined shall be given their common and ordinary meaning.

A. The term "dwelling unit" means a structure, building, area, room or combination of rooms occupied by persons for sleeping or living.

B. The term "owner" means any person, firm, partnership, corporation who alone or jointly or severally with other persons, firms, partnerships has legal title to any premises. The term "owner" includes any person, partnership or corporation, who has charge, care or control over any premises as (1) an agent, officer, fiduciary, or employee of the owner; (2) the conservator, or legal guardian of an owner who is non compos mentis, a minor, or otherwise under a disability; (3) a trustee elected or appointed, or a person required by law to execute a trust, other than a trustee under a deed of trust to serve the payment of money; or (4) an executor, administrator, personal representative receiver, fiduciary, officer appointed by any court, or other similar representative of the owner or his estate. The term "owner" does not include a lessee, sublessee or other person who merely has the right to occupy or possess a premises.

C. The term "sleeping area" means a bedroom or room intended for sleeping, or a combination of bedrooms or rooms intended for sleeping within a dwelling unit, which are located on the same floor and are not separated by another habitable room, such as a living room, dining room, or kitchen but not a bathroom, hallway or closet. A dwelling unit may have more than one sleeping area.

D. The term "smoke detector" means a device which detects visible or invisible particles of combustion and shall be either the ionization chamber or the photoelectric type.
(Ord. 59376 1, 1985.)

25.52.020 Installation requirements--After January 1, 1985.

The owner of each dwelling unit which is constructed or rehabilitated after January 1, 1985 shall install smoke detectors and/or fire suppression systems prior to the occupancy of said dwelling unit in compliance with the existing building code and fire codes of the City in effect at the date of occupancy. If there is no ordinance in effect requiring smoke detectors or fire suppression systems to be installed at the time of occupancy, then the owner shall install smoke detectors as required by this chapter.
(Ord. 59376 2, 1985.)

25.52.030 Installation requirements--One-year compliance period.

The owner of each existing dwelling or newly constructed or rehabilitated unit that is not at the effective date of this ordinance required to be protected by a smoke detector or fire suppression system shall install smoke detectors as required by this chapter within one year of the effective date of this ordinance.
(Ord. 59376 3, 1985.)

Editor's Note:

Ordinance 59376 was approved February 19, 1985.

25.52.040 Location requirements.

The owner of each existing dwelling or newly constructed or rehabilitated unit shall install at least one (1) smoke detector to protect each sleeping area. In an efficiency, the owner shall install the smoke detector in the room used for sleeping. In all other dwelling units, the owner shall install the smoke detectors outside the bedrooms, but in the immediate vicinity of the sleeping area. An owner subject to this chapter shall install each smoke detector on the ceiling at a minimum of four inches from the side wall to the near edge of the detector or on a wall located four to twelve inches from the ceiling to the top of the detector and within fifteen feet of all rooms used for sleeping purposes, with not less than one detector per level containing a habitable room and in the basement or cellar. The smoke detector shall not be installed in dead air space, such as where the ceiling meets the wall. Where one or more sleeping areas are located on a level above the cooking and living area, the smoke detector for such sleeping area(s) shall be placed at the top of the stairway. An owner shall also install not less than one smoke detector on the uppermost ceiling, not less than four inches from any wall, or on a wall, locate four to twelve inches from the uppermost ceiling of all interior stairwells. For good cause shown, the Director of Public Safety or his designated department representatives have the authority to modify the location requirement of this chapter.
(Ord. 59376 4, 1985.)

25.52.050 Type of detector.

The owner shall install a smoke detector which is capable of sensing visible or invisible particles of combustion and emitting an audible signal and may be wired directly to the building power supply, or may be powered by self-monitored battery. The smoke detector shall comply with all the specifications of the Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. Standard UL217 (Standard for Safety-Single and Multiple Station Smoke Detectors) 2nd Edition October 4, 1978 as revised May 19, 1983 or any recognized standard testing laboratory that certifies the detector meets the requirement of National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Standards 72E and 74. Smoke detectors shall bear the label of a nationally recognized standards testing laboratory that indicates that the smoke detectors have been tested and listed under the requirement of UL217 2nd Edition or NFPA 72E and 74.
(Ord. 59376 5, 1985.)

25.52.060 Owner responsibility to install, test and maintain.

It shall be the responsibility of the owner to supply and install all required detectors. The owner shall be responsible for testing and maintaining detectors in common stairwells. It shall be the responsibility of the tenant to provide and maintain functional batteries for each detector, to test and maintain detectors within dwelling units, and to notify the owner or authorized agent in writing of any deficiencies. The owner shall be responsible for providing each tenant with written information regarding detector testing and maintenance.
(Ord. 59376 6, 1985.)

25.52.070 Enforcement and inspection.

The Director of Public Safety or his designated department representatives shall have jurisdiction to inspect dwelling units for the installation of any smoke detector required to be installed under this or any other ordinance. Said inspections may be held between the hours of 9:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday.
(Ord. 59376 7, 1985.)

25.52.080 Battery removal prohibited.

It shall be unlawful for any person to remove batteries or in any way make smoke detectors inoperable.
(Ord. 59376 8, 1985.)

25.52.090 Penalty for violation.

Any owner or other person who is convicted of violating any provision of this chapter shall be punished by a fine of not less than twenty-five dollars ($25.00) or more than five hundred dollars ($500.00) or by imprisonment for not more than ninety (90) days or by both such fine and imprisonment.
(Ord. 59376 9, 1985.)

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