BULLET St. Louis City Revised Code Chapter 17.32 Division I Equipment Required on Vehicles

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Chapter 17.32
Equipment Required on Vehicles  


17.32.010 Motor vehicles to be operated and maintained in safe condition.
17.32.020 Safety glass.
17.32.030 Horns and warning devices.
17.32.040 Excessive noise.
17.32.050 Exhaust system.
17.32.060 Rearview mirrors.
17.32.070 Headlamps.
17.32.080 Tall lamps and reflectors.
17.32.090 Lights on motorcycles.
17.32.100 Brakes.
17.32.110 Visibility.
17.32.120 Restrictions as to tire equipment.
17.32.130 Mud flaps required on certain vehicles.

17.32.010 Motor vehicles to be operated and maintained in safe condition.

A. No person shall drive on any highway, street, or alley in the City, a motor vehicle on which there is mechanically defective equipment or other defective vehicle parts as to be reasonably likely, because of such defects, to cause injury to persons or damage to property.

B. It is unlawful for any person to operate any commercial motor vehicle licensed for more than twelve thousand (12,000) pounds (which is being used for actual commercial purposes or for the furtherance of a business), either singly or in combination with a trailer, or any self-propelled construction equipment, as all are defined in Chapter 17.02 of the revised Code of the City of St. Louis, or Chapter 301 of the Revised Statutes of Missouri, unless the vehicles are equipped and operated as required by Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 393-Subparts B through I, and Part 396 as amended.

C. The provisions of subsection B shall not apply to any commercial motor vehicle licensed for a gross weight of forty-two thousand (42,000) pounds or less when the license plate has been designated for farm use by the letter "F" as authorized by Section 301.030 RSMo., or to any trailer towed by such commercial vehicle unless such vehicle or vehicles are transporting hazardous materials, except fertilizer, as defined in Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations.

D. Every employer and employee operating or causing the operation of commercial motor vehicles within the City shall comply with this section and all other sections dealing with the safe operations of commercial motor vehicles contained in this code. No employer shall operate a commercial motor vehicle, or cause or permit it to be operated, unless it is equipped and operated by the requirements and specifications of this Code.

E. Officers of the Metropolitan Police Department are hereby vested with power and authority to enforce wholly within commercial transportation related facilities located within the City, the rules and regulations of the Code of Federal Regulations, related State Statutes, and related City ordinances, as they apply to motor vehicles and their carriers.

(For the purpose of this section, the term "motor carrier" means a for-hire motor carrier or private motor carrier of property or persons. The term "motor carrier" includes a motor carrier's agents, officers and representatives as well as employees responsible for hiring, supervising, training, assigning, or dispatching of drivers and employees concerned with the installation, inspection, and maintenance of motor vehicle equipment and/or accessories.)

F. For the purpose of enforcing this Code within the City, Officers of the Metropolitan Police Department, and members of the St. Louis Fire Department, shall be authorized to enter the cargo area of commercial motor vehicle or trailer, or to remove any covering of cargo on vehicles, to determine that the contents thereof are properly secured as required by law; and if the vehicle is transporting hazardous material as defined by Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations, that said material is also being transported and secured as required by law. If any imminently hazardous violations of the Hazardous Material Regulations are discovered they shall immediately be reported to the Fire Marshal of the City (or designated representative), for his/her enforcement action and/or orders of safety action(s).

G. Vehicles Declared Out-of-Service. Any vehicles which by reason of defective equipment, equipment failure, or equipment out of proper adjustment shall be placed out-of-service on site. No person shall move or cause a vehicle which has been placed out-of-service to be moved, nor shall the out-of-service sticker be removed from the vehicle unless the cause of the out-of-service action has been corrected, or unless the vehicle is towed from the scene by a properly licensed wrecker vehicle, as defined in Chapter 8.110 of this Code. The out-of-service criteria which shall be used will be the same criteria adopted and in use by the United States Department of Transportation (DOT)--Office of Motor Carrier Safety (OMCS), in conjunction with the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance (CVSA), as amended. A current copy of the out-of-service criteria shall be maintained at the office of the City register.

H. Violations Defined. Each person who fails to comply in whole or in part with any of the provisions in RC 17.32.010 shall have committed a violation of this section. Likewise, any person who aids or abets another of such failure to comply shall have committed a violation of this section. Failure to comply with more than one provision of this section shall constitute multiple violations.
(Ord. 62069 1, 1990; Ord. 60295 1, 1987: prior Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 835.010.)

17.32.020 Safety glass.

No motor vehicle shall be operated upon any street unless the vehicle is equipped with safety glass as defined by the Revised Statutes of the state of Missouri.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 835.020.)

17.32.030 Horns and warning devices.

A. Every motor vehicle shall be equipped with a horn, or similar warning device in good working order and capable of emitting sound audible under normal conditions from a distance of no less than 200 feet but no horn or other warning device shall emit an unreasonably loud sound.

B. No vehicle shall be equipped, nor shall any person use upon vehicle any siren, whistle or bell, except as otherwise permitted in this division.

C. No person shall drive a motor vehicle to which is attached a gong, bell or similar device in any street, except food vendors as regulated in Chapter 8.42. This shall not apply to authorized emergency vehicles.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 835.030.)

17.32.040 Excessive noise.

No person shall operate any vehicle constructed or so out of repair, or loaded in such manner as to create unreasonably loud or unnecessary noise.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 835.040.)

17.32.050 Exhaust system.

A. Required. Every motor vehicle shall at all times be equipped with an exhaust system in good working order and in constant operation to prevent excessive or unusual noise. No person shall use a muffler cut-out, bypass or similar device upon a motor vehicle.

B. Modified Exhaust System. No person shall operate or drive a vehicle on which the exhaust system has been modified in a manner which will amplify or increase the noise emitted by the muffler originally installed on the vehicle, and such original muffler shall comply with the requirements of this section.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 835.050.)

17.32.060 Rearview mirrors.

Every motor vehicle shall be equipped with a rearview mirror and, if so constructed or loaded as to obstruct the driver's view to the rear thereof from the driver's position shall be equipped with a mirror on each side so located as to reflect to the driver a view of the highway for a distance of at least two hundred (200) feet to the rear of such vehicle.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 835.060.)

17.32.070 Headlamps.

All motor vehicles shall be provided with headlamps meeting the standards and specifications set forth in the Revised Statutes of the State of Missouri. Lighted headlamps shall be required at any time from a half-hour after sunset to a half-hour before sunrise and at any other time when there is not sufficient light to render clearly discernable persons and vehicles on the highway at a distance of five hundred (500) feet ahead. Lighted headlamps shall also be required any time the weather conditions require usage of the motor vehicle's windshield wipers to operate the vehicle in a careful and prudent manner as defined in Section 304.012 RSMo. The provisions of this section shall be interpreted to require lighted lamps during periods of fog even if the usage of the windshield wipers is not necessary to operate the vehicle in a careful and prudent manner. Motor vehicles shall display at least two (2) white lights mounted at the front and directed forward, and two (2) red lights mounted at the back and directed toward the rear.
(Ord. 66703 1, 2005: Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 835.070.)

17.32.080 Tail lamps and reflectors.

A. Every motor vehicle and trailer, except motorcycles, shall have at least 2 rear lamps, not less than 15 inches or more than 48 inches above the ground upon which the vehicle stands, which when lighted will exhibit a red light plainly visible from the distance of 500 feet to the rear; provided, however, that the rear lamps may be mounted higher than 48 inches on any vehicle carrying inflammable liquids as cargo. Either such rear lamps or a separate lamp shall be so constructed and placed as to illuminate with a white light the rear registration marker and render it clearly legible from a distance of 50 feet to the rear. When the rear registration marker is illuminated by an electric lamp other than the required rear lamps, all such lamps shall be turned on or off only by the same control switch at all times.

B. Every motor vehicle, and trailer, except motorcycles, with a capacity of more than 6 passengers registered in any state after 1-1-66, when operated on a roadway, shall carry at the rear at least 2 approved red reflectors, at least 1 at each side, so designated, mounted on the vehicle and maintained as to be visible for 500 feet to the rear of such vehicle during the times when lighted lamps are required. Every such reflector shall meet requirements of this chapter and shall be mounted upon the vehicle at a height not to exceed 60 inches nor less than 24 inches above the surface upon which the vehicle stands.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 835.080.)

17.32.090 Lights on motorcycles.

A. No driver shall operate a motorcycle unless it is equipped during the same periods with one lighted lamp in front and one on the rear. The light of the front lamp of a motorcycle shall be white and be visible at a point at least 200 feet ahead of the motorcycle. The rear lamp shall include a red light visible from the rear and an additional white light which shall shine upon the number plate in such a manner as to render the numerals thereon visible for at least 50 feet in the direction from which the motorcycle is proceeding.

B. Every motorcycle when operated on a roadway, shall also carry at the rear, either as part of the rear lamp or separately, at least one approved red reflector, which shall be of such size and characteristics and so maintained as to be visible during the times when lighted lamps are required from all distances within three hundred feet to fifty feet from such vehicle when directly in front of a motor vehicle displaying lawful undimmed head lamps.

C. Every motorcycle equipped with a sidecar or other attachment shall be equipped with a lamp on the outside limit of such attachment capable of displaying a white light to the front.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 835.090.)

17.32.100 Brakes.

A. Required. Every motor vehicle or combination of motor vehicles except motorcycles, shall be provided at all times with two sets of adequate brakes kept in good working order, and motorcycles shall be provided with one set of adequate brakes kept in good working order. If these two separate means of applying the brakes are connected in any way, they shall be so constructed that failure of any one part of the operating mechanism shall not leave the vehicle without operative brakes.

B. Parking Brakes. Every motor vehicle or combination of motor vehicles shall be provided at all times with a parking brake or brakes adequate to hold the vehicle or combination on any grade, under any condition of road.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 835.100.)

17.32.110 Visibility.

A. Obstruction. No person shall drive any motor vehicle when anything on the windshield or on any window or within the vehicle obstructs the driver's clear view of the street.

B. Wipers Required. Every motor vehicle, except motorcycles, shall be equipped with adequate windshield wipers, and shall be maintained in good working order.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 835.110.)

17.32.120 Restrictions as to tire equipment.

Every solid rubber tire on a vehicle shall have rubber on its entire traction surface at least one inch thick above the edge of the flange of the entire periphery.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 835.120.)

17.32.130 Mud flaps required on certain vehicles.

A. Mud flaps shall be required on the rear wheels of all of the following vehicles:

1. A truck-tractor when not coupled to a trailer, the body of which provides protection for the vertical throw of road elements from the rear wheels of the truck-tractor;

2. A trailer, if not equipped with rear fenders meeting the requirements set forth in subdivision 3 of this subsection;

3. Any other vehicle(s) which because of design or modification(s) is not equipped with fenders; or if equipped with fenders, the fender of which is greater than twenty-four (24) inches from the ground, when the vertical measurements are made from the lowest part of the fender to the ground. Said fender must be of solid construction to cover the entire tread width of the tires, provided a suitable material may be affixed to the fenders that offers the same coverage and protection on vehicles equipped with tires which protrude from the fender sides.

B. If mud flaps are required and used they shall meet the following specifications:

1. Construction and design shall be of a rigid material or flexible material which is of sufficiently rigid character to provide adequate protection while the vehicle is in motion, and the flaps must remain in a vertical plane while the vehicle is in motion and when under pressure.

2. They shall be of sufficient width to cover the full tread width of the tire or tires being protected, and shall not be less than eight (8) inches from the ground.

3. The mud flaps shall be installed so that they extend from the underside of the vehicle body. In the case of a truck-tractor or a vehicle not equipped with fenders meeting the requirements herein; the flaps shall extend from the horizontal top of the tire in a vertical plane, and shall not be less than eight (8) inches from the ground.

4. A vehicle equipped with tandem wheels is only required to be equipped with mud flaps on the rear most wheels of said vehicle.
(Ord. 60232 2, 1987: prior Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 835.130.)

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