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BULLET St. Louis City Revised Code Chapter 17.16 Division I Miscellaneous Traffic Rules

St. Louis City Revised Code (annotated) has been converted to electronic format by the staff of the St. Louis Public Library. This electronic version has been done for the interest and convenience of the user. These are unofficial versions and should be used as unofficial copies.

Official printed copies of St. Louis City Revised Code may be obtained from the Register's Office at the St. Louis City Hall.



DIVISION I. TRAFFIC CODE

Chapter 17.16
Miscellaneous Traffic Rules

Sections:

17.16.010 Crossing fire hose.
17.16.020 Funeral processions.
17.16.030 Permits required--Processions.
17.16.040 Driving upon sidewalk or bicycle/ pedestrian right-of-way.
17.16.050 Limitations on backing.
17.16.060 Opening and closing vehicle doors.
17.16.070 Obstruction to driver's view of driving mechanism.
17.16.080 Overloading.
17.16.090 Painted lines or markings.
17.16.100 Driving on right side of roadway--Exceptions.
17.16.110 Passing regulations.
17.16.120 Driving on roadway laned for traffic.
17.16.130 Following too closely.
17.16.140 Failure to yield.
17.16.150 Turning movements and required signals.
17.16.160 Projections on vehicles.
17.16.170 Boarding in motion.
17.16.180 Excessive noise.
17.16.190 Vehicle regulations relating to school buses.
17.16.200 Soliciting riders.
17.16.210 Unattended vehicles.
17.16.220 Transporting animals.
17.16.230 Carts, wagons and equestrians.
17.16.240 Use of vehicle to display advertising.
17.16.250 Placing cards, ticket advertisements or paper on vehicles.
17.16.260 Putting glass, etc., on street prohibited.
17.16.270 Demonstration on or near street.
17.16.280 Riding on outside of vehicle.
17.16.290 Driving under the influence.
17.16.300 Evidence to determine levels of intoxication.
17.16.310 Breath analysis tests.
17.16.320 Blood alcohol content.
17.16.330 Reckless driving.
17.16.340 Accidents involving death, personal injury or damage to vehicle or property.
17.16.350 Duty to give information and render aid.
17.16.360 Duty upon damaging unattended vehicle or other property.
17.16.370 False reports.
17.16.380 Driver training and testing prohibited--When.
17.16.390 Railroad train not to block street.
17.16.400 Lighted lamps.
17.16.410 Headlight glare.
17.16.420 Reckless riding of bicycles.
17.16.430 Unauthorized vehicles on Hodiamont right-of-way prohibited.
17.16.440 Shortcutting traffic prohibited.
17.16.450 Operation of bicycles by officers.

17.16.010 Crossing fire hose.

No vehicle shall be driven over any unprotected hose of a fire department, without the consent of a fireman.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.010.)

17.16.020 Funeral processions.

A. Definitions. As used in this chapter, the following terms mean:

1. "Funeral director" means a person licensed as a funeral director pursuant to the provisions of chapter 333, RSMo;

2. "Funeral lead vehicle" or "lead vehicle" means any motor vehicle equipped with at least one lighted circulating lamp exhibiting an amber or purple light or lens or alternating flashing headlamps visible under normal atmospheric conditions for a distance of five hundred feet from the front of the vehicle. A hearse or coach properly equipped may be a lead vehicle;

3. "Organized funeral procession" means two or more vehicles accompanying the remains of a deceased person from a funeral establishment, church, synagogue or other place where a funeral service has taken place to a cemetery, crematory or other place of final disposition, or a funeral establishment, church, synagogue or other place where additional funeral services will be performed, if directed by a licensed funeral director from a licensed establishment.

B. Right-of-Way.

1. Except as otherwise provided for in this chapter, pedestrians and operators of all other vehicles shall yield the right-of-way to any vehicle which is a part of an organized funeral procession.

2. Notwithstanding any traffic control device or right-of-way provision prescribed by state or local law, when the funeral lead vehicle in an organized funeral procession lawfully enters an intersection, all vehicles in the procession shall follow the lead vehicle through the intersection. The operator of each vehicle in the procession shall exercise the highest degree of care toward any other vehicle or pedestrian on the roadway.

3. An organized funeral procession shall have the right-of-way at all intersections regardless of any traffic control device at such intersections, except that operators of vehicles in an organized funeral procession shall yield the right-of-way to any approaching emergency vehicle pursuant to the provisions of section 304.022, RSMo, or when directed to do so by a law enforcement officer.

C. Safety.

1. All vehicles in an organized funeral procession shall follow the preceding vehicle in the procession as closely as is practical and safe under the conditions.

2. No person shall operate any vehicle as part of an organized funeral procession without the flashing emergency lights of such vehicle being lighted, and shall display in a manner visible to traffic a sign stating funeral.

D. Vehicles Not in Procession.

1. Any person who is not an operator of a vehicle in an organized funeral procession shall not:

a. Drive between the vehicles comprising an organized funeral procession while such vehicles are in motion and have the flashing emergency lights lighted pursuant to subsection (C)(2) of this section, except when required to do so by a law enforcement officer or when such person is operating an emergency vehicle giving an audible or visual signal;

b. Join a funeral procession for the purpose of securing the right-of-way granted in subsection C of this section; or

c. Attempt to pass any vehicle in an organized funeral procession, except where a passing lane has been specifically provided.

2. When an organized funeral procession is proceeding through a red signal light as permitted in subsection B of this section, a vehicle not in the organized funeral procession shall not enter the intersection unless such vehicle may do so without crossing the path of the funeral procession.

E. Any violation of the provisions of this ordinance shall be punishable by a fine of one hundred dollars.
(Ord. 64872 2--6, 2000.)

17.16.030 Permits required--Processions.

No procession containing twenty-five (25) or more persons or more than three (3) vehicles excepting funeral processions or consisting of members of and vehicles belonging to either the military forces of the United States, the military forces of Missouri, the forces of the Police and Fire Department of St. Louis, shall enter upon, occupy, march, proceed, use or block any portion of a public street (for the purpose of parade, demonstration, assembly or other special purpose) without permit, and only in accordance with such permit, issued by the Department of Streets.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.030.)

17.16.040 Driving upon sidewalk or bicycle/ pedestrian right-of-way.

A. No person shall drive any vehicle upon a sidewalk except upon a permanent or duly authorized temporary driveway.

B. No person shall drive any vehicle upon any bicycle/pedestrian right-of-way. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to persons driving emergency vehicles or maintenance vehicles, persons who drive upon any bicycle/pedestrian right-of-way as a means of ingress or egress to a place of business or a residence or persons crossing any bicycle/pedestrian right-of-way at a point designated by Grace Hill Americorp as river access crossing site.
(Ord. 64952 2, 2000: prior: Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.040.)

17.16.050 Limitations on backing.

A. The driver of a vehicle shall not back the same unless such movement can be made with safety and without interfering with other traffic.

B. The driver of a vehicle shall not back the same upon any shoulder or roadway of any controlled-access highway.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.050.)

17.16.060 Opening and closing vehicle doors.

No person shall open the door of a motor vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless and until it is reasonably safe to do so, and can be done without interfering with the movement of other traffic, nor shall any person leave a door open on the side of a vehicle available to moving traffic for a period of time longer than necessary to load or unload passengers.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.060.)

17.16.070 Obstruction to driver's view of driving mechanism.

A. No person shall drive a vehicle when it is so loaded, or when there are in the front seat such a number of persons, exceeding three, as to obstruct the view of the driver to the front or sides of the vehicle or as to interfere with the driver's control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle.

B. No passenger in a vehicle (or streetcar) shall ride in such position as to interfere with the driver's or motorman's view ahead or to the sides, or to interfere with the control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle (or streetcar).
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.070.)

17.16.080 Overloading.

No driver shall drive any vehicle when any part of the load is likely to either fall upon and litter the street, or cause injury or damage to persons or property. No driver shall permit any part of a load that has fallen on the street to remain on said street.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.080.)

17.16.090 Painted lines or markings.

No driver of any vehicle shall drive across any painted lines or markings so freshly painted as to spread the paint, when such lines or markings are designated by flags, cones or other appropriate devices, unless it is impossible to avoid taking such action.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.090.)

17.16.100 Driving on right side of roadway--Exceptions.

A. Upon all roadways of sufficient width a vehicle shall be driven upon the right half of the roadway, except as follows:

1. When overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction under the rules governing such movement;

2. When an obstruction exists making it necessary to drive to the left of the center of the roadway; provided, any person so doing shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles traveling in the proper direction upon the unobstructed portion of the roadway with such distance as to constitute an immediate hazard;

3. Upon a roadway divided into three marked lanes for traffic under the rules applicable thereon; or

4. Upon a roadway restricted to one-way traffic.

B. Upon all roadways any vehicle proceeding at less than the normal speed of traffic at the time and place and under the conditions then existing shall be driven in the right-hand lane then available for traffic, or as close as practicable to the light-hand curb or edge of the roadway, except when overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction or when preparing for a left turn at an intersection or into a private road or driveway.

C. Upon any roadway having four or more lanes for moving traffic and providing for two-way movement of traffic, no vehicle shall be driven to the left of the center line of the roadway, except when authorized by official traffic-control devices designating certain lanes to the left side of the center of the roadway for use by traffic not otherwise permitted to use such lanes, or except as permitted under subsection A(2). However, this subsection shall not be construed as prohibiting the crossing of the centerline in making a left turn into or from an alley, private road or driveway.

D. 1. All truck and commercial vehicular traffic is hereby restricted and limited to right lane operation only, northbound and southbound, on Riverview Drive between its intersection with Hall Street and the city limits.

2. Deviations from subdivision 1 of this subsection shall be permissible only where a disabled vehicle or other lawful obstruction in such right lane makes such deviation an absolute necessity or when moving to left preparatory to making a left turn.
(Ord. 57960 1, 1979; Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.100.)

17.16.110 Passing regulations.

A. The following rules shall govern the overtaking and passing of vehicles proceeding in the same direction, subject to the limitations and exceptions hereinafter stated:

1. The driver of a vehicle overtaking another vehicle proceeding in the same direction shall pass to the left thereof at a safe distance and shall not again drive to the right side of the roadway until safely clear of the overtaken vehicle;

2. Except when overtaking and passing on the right is permitted, the driver of an overtaken vehicle shall give way to the right in favor of the overtaking vehicle on audible signal and shall not increase the speed of his vehicle until completely passed by the overtaking vehicle.

B. The driver of a vehicle may overtake and pass upon the right of another vehicle only under the following conditions:

1. When the vehicle overtaken is making or about to make a left turn;

2. When drivers are moving in marked traffic lanes they may pass on the right hand side where a marked lane is open.

C. The driver of a vehicle may overtake and pass another vehicle upon the right only under conditions permitting such movement in safety. Such movement shall not be made by driving off the roadway.

D. No vehicle shall be driven to the left side of the center of the roadway in overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction unless such left side is clearly visible and is free of oncoming traffic for a sufficient distance ahead to permit such overtaking and passing to be completely made without interfering with the operation of any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction or any vehicle overtaken. In every event the overtaking vehicle must return to an authorized lane of travel as soon as practicable and in the event the passing movement involves the use of a lane authorized for vehicles approaching from the opposite direction, before coming within 200 feet of any approaching vehicle.

E. No vehicle shall be driven on the left side of the roadway under the following conditions:

1. When approaching or upon the crest of a grade or a curve in the roadway where the driver's view is obstructed within such distance as to create a hazard in the event another vehicle might approach from the opposite direction;

2. When approaching within 100 feet of or traversing any intersection or railroad grade crossing;

3. When the view is obstructed upon approaching within 100 feet of any bridge, viaduct or tunnel.

F. The foregoing limitations shall not apply upon a one-way roadway nor under the conditions described in nor to the driver of a vehicle turning left into or from an alley, private road or driveway.

G. Where signs or markings are in place to define a no-passing zone, no driver shall at any time drive on the left side of the roadway within such no-passing zone or on the left side of any pavement striping designed to mark such no-passing zone throughout its length.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.110.)

17.16.120 Driving on roadway laned for traffic.

Whenever any roadway has been divided into two or more clearly marked lanes for traffic, the following rules in addition to all other consistent herewith shall apply:

A. A vehicle shall be driven in traffic lanes where marked, shall not drive on shoulders or across medians, and shall not weave in and out of lanes of traffic.

B. Official traffic-control devices may be erected directing specified traffic to use a designated lane or designating those lanes to be used by traffic moving in a particular direction regardless of the center of the roadway and drivers of vehicles shall obey the directions of every such traffic-control device.

C. Official traffic control devices may be installed prohibiting the changing of lanes on sections of roadway and drivers of vehicles shall obey the directions of every such device.
(Ord. 58448 1 (part), 1981: Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.120.)

17.16.130 Following too closely.

A. The driver of a motor vehicle shall not follow another vehicle more closely than is reasonable and prudent, having due regard for the speed of such vehicles and the traffic conditions upon the roadway.

B. The driver of any truck or motor vehicle drawing another vehicle when traveling upon a roadway outside of a business or residence district and which is following another truck or motor vehicle drawing another vehicle shall, whenever conditions permit, leave sufficient space so that an overtaking vehicle may enter and occupy such space without danger, except that this shall not prevent a truck or motor vehicle drawing another vehicle from overtaking and passing any vehicle or combination of vehicles.

C. Motor vehicles being driven upon any roadway outside of a business or residence district in a caravan or motorcade whether or not towing other vehicles shall be so operated as to allow sufficient space between each such vehicle or combination of vehicles so as to enable any other vehicle to enter and occupy such space without danger. The provision shall not apply to funeral processions.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.130.)

17.16.140 Failure to yield.

A. When two vehicles approach or enter an intersection from different streets at approximately the same time, the driver of the vehicle on the left shall yield the right-of-way to the vehicle on the right.

B. The driver of a vehicle intending to turn to the left within an intersection or into an alley, private road, or driveway shall yield the right-of-way to any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction which is within the intersection or so close thereto as to constitute an immediate hazard.

C. After having stopped, the driver shall yield the right-of-way to any vehicle in the intersection or approaching on another street so closely as to constitute an immediate hazard during the time when such driver is moving across or within the intersection of junction of streets.

D. Vehicle Entering Streets. The driver of a vehicle about to enter or cross a street from any place other than another street shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles approaching on the streets to be entered or crossed.

E. It shall be unlawful for a driver to enter any intersection of streets under traffic conditions which prohibit passage through such intersections. Provided further, at intersections where a traffic control signal confers the right-of-way, such signal shall not become controlling until such time as traffic conditions permit lawful, continuous passage through such intersection.
(Ord. 58448 2 (part), 1981; Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.140.)

17.16.150 Turning movements and required signals.

A. No person shall turn a vehicle or move right or left upon a roadway unless and until such movement can be made with reasonable safety nor without giving an appropriate signal in the manner hereinafter provided.

B. A signal of intention to turn or move right or left when required shall be given continuously during not less than the last 100 feet traveled by the vehicle before turning.

C. No person shall stop or suddenly decrease the speed of a vehicle without first giving an appropriate signal in the manner provided herein to the driver of any vehicle immediately to the rear when there is opportunity to give such signal.

D. Every motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, and vehicle in tow, shall be equipped with two (2) or more operable stop lights, mounted on the rear and unobstructed; except that one (1) operable stop light is authorized on any vehicle equipped with only one (1) when it was manufactured.

E. Every motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, and vehicle in tow, shall be equipped with an operable flashing turn signal lamps for the left and for the right, visible to the front and rear, and unobstructed, except that passenger cars and trucks less than eighty (80) inches in width, manufactured or assembled prior to January 1, 1953, need not be equipped with electric turn signal lamps.

F. A trailer or vehicle in tow need not be equipped with operable turn signals or stop lights if the trailer or vehicle in tow does not interfere with a clear view of a hand signal given by the operator of the towing vehicle or of the signalling devices of the towing vehicle.

G. Any stop or turn signal, when required herein, shall be given either by means of the required signal lights or by the required hand signals; except that when the required hand signals cannot be seen by traffic immediately to the rear, due to vehicle design or obstructions, then signal lights must be operable and must be used by the operator of said vehicle.

H. Hand and arm signals shall be as follows:

1. Signal for every right turn either by extending his left arm at an angle above horizontal so that it may be seen from the rear, or operate an electric or mechanical signal device to indicate a right turn.

2. Signal for every left turn either by extending his left arm in a horizontal position so that it may be seen from the rear, or operate an electric or mechanical turn signal device to indicate a left turn.

3. When reducing speed or stopping, either extend the left arm at an angle below the horizontal position or operate an electric stop lamp or light to clearly indicate same.

I. When operable turn signal lights or stop lights are required on a vehicle, no vehicle shall be driven unless the required lights are in operating condition.
(Ord. 60253 2, 1987: prior Ord. 58448 1 (part), 1981; Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.150.)

17.16.160 Projections on vehicles.

All vehicles carrying poles or other objects, which project more than five feet from the rear of such vehicles, shall, during the period when lights are required by this chapter to carry a red light at or near the rear end of the pole or other object so projecting. At other times a red flag or cloth, not less than sixteen inches square, shall be displayed at the end of such projection.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.160.)

17.16.170 Boarding in motion.

The driver of a vehicle shall not permit persons to board or alight therefrom while such vehicle is in motion.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.170.)

17.16.180 Excessive noise.

No driver or passenger in a vehicle shall use or allow any unnecessary excessive noise or use or allow to be used any radio, loud speaker, sound amplifier, or another machine or device, whether portable or installed on the vehicle, for the producing of sound or reproducing sound at any time with louder volume than is necessary for convenient, normal hearing for the person or persons who are in the vehicle in which the machine or device is being used or operated and who are voluntary listeners. The operation of any radio, loud speaker, sound amplifier, or other machine or device for the producing or reproducing of sound in a manner as to be plainly audible at a distance of more than one hundred feet from such machine or device shall be excessive and shall be prima facie evidence of a violation of this section.

Any person who enters a plea of guilty or is found guilty of a violation of this section shall be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars ($100.00) nor more than five hundred dollars ($500.00) or by a term of imprisonment of not more than ninety (90) days or both such fine and imprisonment.
(Ord. 63796 2, 1996: prior: Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.190.)

17.16.190 Vehicle regulations relating to school buses.

A. The driver of a vehicle upon meeting or overtaking from either direction any school bus which has stopped on the roadway for the purpose of receiving or discharging any school children and whose driver has given the signal to stop by actuating his flashing lights and stop sign, shall stop the vehicle before reaching such school bus and shall not proceed until such school bus resumes motion, or until signaled by its driver to proceed.

B. Every bus used for the transportation of school children shall bear upon the front and rear thereon a plainly visible sign containing the words "school bus" in letters not less than eight inches in height. Each bus shall have lettered on the rear in plain and distinct type the following: "State Law: Stop while bus is loading and unloading." Each school bus subject to the provisions of Chapter 304 of the Revised Statutes of the State shall be equipped with a mechanical and electrical signaling device, which will display a signal plainly visible from the front and rear and indicating intention to stop.

C. No driver of a school bus shall take on or discharge passengers at any location upon a roadway consisting of four or more lanes of traffic, whether or not divided by a median or barrier, in such manner as to require the passengers to cross more than two lanes of traffic; nor shall he take on or discharge passengers while the vehicle is upon the road or roadway proper unless the vehicle so stopped is plainly visible for at least three hundred feet in each direction to drivers of other vehicles upon the roadway and then only for such time as is actually necessary to take on and discharge passengers. When it is necessary for passengers of a school bus to stand in, walk on, or cross a road or roadway, every driver of such school bus discharging or boarding such passengers shall actuate all warning equipment.

D. The driver of a vehicle upon a street with separated roadways need not stop upon meeting or overtaking a school bus which is on a different roadway, which is proceeding in the opposite direction on a street containing four or more lanes of traffic or which is stopped in a loading zone constituting a part of, or adjacent to, a limited or controlled access street at a point where pedestrians are not permitted to cross the roadway.
(Ord. 58448 1 (part), 1981; Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.200.)

17.16.200 Soliciting riders.

No operator or driver of any bus, taxicab or other commercial motor vehicle shall park upon the street to solicit patronage.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.210.)

17.16.210 Unattended vehicles.

No person driving or in charge of a motor vehicle shall permit it to stand unattended without first stopping the engine, locking the ignition, removing the key from the ignition, effectively setting the brake thereon and, when standing upon any grade, turning the front wheels to the curb or side of the roadway.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.220.)

17.16.220 Transporting animals.

No person shall transport, cause to be transported or permit his vehicle to be used to transport any animal outside of any vehicle unless such animal is protected by a device which will prevent the animal from escaping from, falling off of or being thrown from such vehicle.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.230.)

17.16.230 Carts, wagons and equestrians.

A. Every person riding an animal or driving any animal-drawn vehicle upon a roadway shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle by this chapter, except those provisions of this chapter which by their very nature can have no application.

B. Every person riding an animal or driving any animal-drawn vehicle is hereby prohibited from use of limited access highways.

C. Any person who shall place or drive or cause to be placed or driven, upon any street or highway of this city any horse drawn vehicle whatsoever, whether in motion or at rest, shall after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise or when street lights are lighted, have attached to every such vehicle at the rear thereof a red light or red reflecting device of not less than three inches in diameter of effective area or its equivalent in area. When such device shall consist of reflecting buttons there shall be no less than seven of said buttons covering an area equal to a circle with a three-inch diameter. The total subtended effective angle of reflection of every such device shall be no less than sixty degrees and the spread and efficiency of the reflected light shall be sufficient for the reflected light to be visible to the driver of any motor vehicle approaching such horse-drawn vehicle from the rear at a distance of not less than five hundred feet.
(Ord. 58448 1 (part), 1981: Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979; 1960 C. 827.240.)

17.16.240 Use of vehicle to display advertising.

No person shall operate on or park on any street, any vehicle on which are displayed any signs or pictures which altogether have a total area larger than twelve square feet. This section shall not apply to vehicles operating in compliance with a permit issued by the City to display such signs or pictures.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.250.)

17.16.250 Placing card, ticket, advertisement or paper on vehicle.

A. It shall be unlawful for any person other than a police officer or a meter maid to place or cause to be placed in or upon any vehicle on any street, or alley, any card, ticket, advertisement, or paper.

B. It shall be unlawful for any person, other than the legal owner or his agent, to remove, alter, or deface, a parking violation notice placed on a vehicle by a police officer or meter maid.
(Ord. 58448 1 (part), 1981: Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.260.)

See Krantz v. City of Fort Smith, 160 F.3d 1214 (8th Cir. 1998), cert. denied, 527 U.S. 1037 (1999).

17.16.260 Putting glass, etc., on street prohibited.

A. No person shall throw or deposit upon any street any glass bottle, glass, nails, tacks, wire, cans or any other substance likely to injure any person, animal or cause damage to a vehicle.

B. Any person who drops or permits to be dropped or thrown upon any street any destructive or injurious material shall immediately remove or cause same to be removed.

C. Any person removing a wrecked or damaged vehicle from a street shall remove any glass or other injurious substance dropped upon the highway from such vehicle.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.270.)

17.16.270 Demonstration on or near street.

No person shall sell or offer for sale any goods or merchandise, display any sign or pictures, participate in or conduct an exhibition or demonstration, talk, sing or play music on any street or abutting premises, or alley in consequences of which there is such a gathering of persons or stopping of vehicles as to impede either pedestrians or vehicular traffic.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.280.)

17.16.280 Riding on outside of vehicles.

No person shall ride upon the exterior of any motor vehicle, except motorcycles, while it is in motion except where such riding is necessary to determine the need for repairs or adjustments to such motor vehicle.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.290.)

17.16.290 Driving under the influence.

A. No person shall operate a motor vehicle within the city who is under the influence of intoxicating liquor.

B. No person who is under the influence of any controlled substance, any glue, cement, shellac thinner, or any other quick-drying solvent or similar product which can induct a state of euphoria when inhaled, or any other drug which renders him incapable of safely operating a motor vehicle shall operate a motor vehicle upon the streets of the city. The fact that any person charged with violation of this division is or has been entitled to use such drugs under the laws of this state shall not constitute a defense against any charge of violating this division.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.300.)

17.16.300 Evidence to determine levels of intoxication.

A. Upon the trial arising out of acts alleged to have been committed by any person while operating a vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor, the amount of alcohol in the person's blood at the time alleged as shown by chemical analysis of the person's blood, urine, breath is admissible into evidence. Such evidence shall be construed as follows:

1. If there was five hundredths of one percent or less by weight in his blood, it shall be presumed that the person was not under the influence of intoxicating liquor.

2. If there was in excess of five hundredths of one percent but less than eight hundredths of one percent by weight of alcohol in his blood, the fact shall not give rise to any presumption that the person was or was not under the influence of an intoxicating liquor, but the fact may be considered with other competent evidence in determining whether the person was or was not under the influence of an intoxicating liquor.

3. If there was eight hundredths of one percent or more by weight of alcohol in the person's blood, this shall be prima facie evidence that the person was under the influence of an intoxicating liquor. Percent by weight of alcohol in the blood shall be based upon grams of alcohol per one hundred milliliters of blood.

B. The foregoing provisions of this section shall not be construed as limiting the introduction of any other competent evidence bearing upon the question of whether the person was under the influence of an intoxicating liquor.
(Ord. 65305 1 (part), 2001: Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.310.)

17.16.310 Breath analysis tests.

A. Any person who operates a motor vehicle within the city shall be deemed to have given consent to, subject to the provisions of Section 17.16.300, a chemical test of his breath for the purpose of determining the alcoholic content of his blood if arrested for any offense arising out of acts which the arresting officer had reasonable grounds to believe were committed while the person was driving a motor vehicle while under the influence of an intoxicating liquor. The test shall be administered by or at the direction of a law enforcement officer whenever the person has been arrested for the offense.

B. Chemical analysis of the person's breath, to be considered valid under the provisions of Section 17.16.300 and this section, shall be performed according to methods approved by the State Division of Health by a person possessing a valid permit issued by the State Division of Health for this purpose. The State Division of Health is authorized to approve satisfactory techniques or methods, to ascertain the qualifications and competence of individuals to conduct analysis, and to issue permits which shall be subject to termination or revocation by the State Division of Health.

C. The person tested may have a physician, or a qualified technician, chemist, registered nurse, or other qualified person of his own choosing administer a test in addition to any administered at the direction of a law enforcement officer. The failure or inability to obtain an additional test by a person shall not preclude the admission of evidence relating to the test taken at the direction of a law enforcement officer.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.320.)

17.16.320 Blood alcohol content.

A. No person shall operate a motor vehicle within the City when the person has eight hundredths of one percent or more by weight of alcohol in his blood. As used in this section, percent by weight of alcohol in the blood shall be based upon grams of alcohol per one hundred milliliters of blood and may be shown by chemical analysis of the person's blood, breath, saliva or urine. This chemical analysis shall be admitted into evidence.

B. For the purpose of determining the alcoholic content of a person's blood under this section, the test shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of Section 17.16.310.
(Ord. 65305 1 (part), 2001: Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.330.)

17.16.330 Reckless driving.

Any person who drives any vehicle in willful or wanton disregard for the safety of persons or property is guilty of reckless driving.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.340.)

17.16.340 Accidents involving death, personal injury or damage to vehicle or property.

The driver of any vehicle involved in an accident resulting in injury to or death of any person or damage to property shall immediately stop such vehicle at the scene of such accident or as close thereto as possible, but shall then forthwith return to and in every event shall remain at the scene of the accident until he has fulfilled the following requirements.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.350 (part).)

17.16.350 Duty to give information and render aid.

A. The driver of any vehicle involved in an accident resulting in injury to or death of any person or damage to any vehicle or other property which is driven or attended by any person shall give his name, address and registration number of the vehicle he is driving, and shall upon request and if available exhibit his license or permit to any person injured in such accident or to the driver or occupant of or person attending any vehicle or other property damaged in such accident and shall give such information and upon request exhibit license or permit to any police officer at the scene of the accident or who is investigating the accident and shall render to any person injured in such accident reasonable assistance, including the carrying or the making of arrangements for the carrying of such person to a physician, surgeon, or hospital for medical or surgical treatment if it is apparent that such treatment is necessary, or if such carrying is requested by the injured person.

B. In the event that none of the persons specified are in condition to receive the information to which they otherwise would be entitled under this section and no police officer is present, the driver of any vehicle involved in such accident after fulfilling all other requirements of this section in so far as possible on his part to be performed, shall forthwith report such accident to the nearest office of a duly authorized police authority and submit thereto the information specified in subsection A of this section.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.350 (part).)

17.16.360 Duty upon damaging unattended vehicle or other property.

The driver of any vehicle which collides with or is involved in an accident with any vehicle or other property which is unattended resulting in any damage to such other vehicle or other property shall immediately stop and shall there either locate and notify the operator or owner of such vehicle or other property of his name, address and the registration number of the vehicle he is driving or shall attach securely in a conspicuous place in or on such vehicle or other property a written notice giving his name, address and the registration number of the vehicle he is driving and shall without unnecessary delay notify the nearest office of a duly authorized police authority. Every such stop shall be made without obstructing traffic more than is necessary.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.360.)

17.16.370 False reports.

A person shall not give information on oral or written reports as required in this division knowing or having reason to believe that such information is false.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.3 70.)

17.16.380 Driver training and testing prohibited--When.

It shall be unlawful for any person, partnership or corporation to give or cause to be given instruction or testing in motor vehicle operation with a student driver or operator or applicant for a driver's license in control or partial control of any motor vehicle under the following circumstances or conditions:

A. At any time within four hundred feet of a public park measured away from the farthest curb lines of City streets bounding any public park;

B. After 7:30 A.M. and before 4:30 P.M. within four hundred feet of any public or private elementary school on days of regular school attendance measured away from the farthest curb lines of City streets bounding any such school or the outer periphery of said school premises, whichever is farther.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.380.)

17.16.390 Railroad train not to block street.

A. Blocking Street. No railroad company, operator or person directing the operation of any railroad train shall operate the same in such a manner as to prevent the use of any street for the purpose of travel for a period of time longer than 5 minutes. Upon any alleged violation of this division, the Police Department shall issue a summons against the railroad company and serve a copy of the summons on the engineer or conductor. A police report shall be made and presented to the City Counselor's warrant office. An agent specified by the railroad company shall be notified of the alleged violation by mail. This section shall not apply to trains or cars in motion other than those engaged in switching.

B. Any railroad company, operator or person who shall violate the provisions of this section shall be fined five hundred dollars ($500.00).
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.390.)

17.16.400 Lighted lamps.

No person shall operate or be in custody of a motor vehicle from a half-hour after sunset to a half-hour before sunrise and at any other time when there is not sufficient light to render clearly discernible persons and vehicles on the highway at a distance of five hundred feet ahead unless the lighted lamps and illuminating devices as required by this division are lit.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.400.)

17.16.410 Headlight glare.

It shall be unlawful for the driver of any vehicle, whether following or approaching from the front of another vehicle, to direct or permit the headlights or spotlights to glare upward so as to dazzle the vision of driver of such other vehicle.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.410.)

17.16.420 Reckless riding of bicycles.

No person shall drive any self-propelled vehicle or bicycle upon a parking lot carelessly and heedlessly in willful or wanton disregard of the rights and safety of others, or without due caution and at a speed or in a manner so as to endanger any person or property.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.420.)

17.16.430 Unauthorized vehicles on Hodiamont right-of-way prohibited.

No person shall drive or park an unauthorized vehicle on the Hodiamont right-of-way.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 827.430.)

17.16.440 Shortcutting traffic prohibited.

No driver shall operate a motor vehicle on any private lot, road, driveway, parking lot or any area which is not a roadway, for the purpose of avoiding travel upon the right-of-way between one highway or roadway and the same or another highway or roadway, or for the purpose of avoiding a lawfully erected barricade closing a highway or roadway.
(Ord. 63697 1, 1996.)

17.16.450 Operation of bicycles by officers.

Any ordinance to the contrary notwithstanding, police officers may operate bicycles upon any sidewalk within the City of St. Louis, as necessary, to properly perform their official duties.
(Ord. 65011 1, 2000.)

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