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BULLET St. Louis City Revised Code Chapter 17.08 Division I Traffic Control Devices Part I

St. Louis City Revised Code (annotated) has been converted to electronic format by the staff of the St. Louis Public Library. This electronic version has been done for the interest and convenience of the user. These are unofficial versions and should be used as unofficial copies.

Official printed copies of St. Louis City Revised Code may be obtained from the Register's Office at the St. Louis City Hall.



DIVISION I. TRAFFIC CODE

Chapter 17.08
Traffic Control Devices
Part I In General

Sections:

17.08.010 Authority to install traffic-control devices.
17.08.020 Obedience to traffic-control devices.
17.08.030 Obedience to traffic-control devices--Exceptions.
17.08.035 Nonfunctioning traffic-control devices--Vehicle procedures.
17.08.040 Official traffic-control devices--Presumption of legality.
17.08.050 Stop and yield signs--Generally.
17.08.060 One-way streets and rotary traffic islands.
17.08.070 Special purpose stops.
17.08.075 Stop sign replacement.
17.08.080 School stops.
17.08.090 Playground stops.
17.08.100 Church stops.
17.08.105 Warning signs.
17.08.110 Traffic-control signal colors and terms.
17.08.120 Traffic-control signal colors and terms--Green indication.
17.08.130 Traffic-control signal colors and terms--Steady red indication.
17.08.140 Traffic-control signal colors and terms--Steady yellow indication.
17.08.150 Traffic-control signal colors and terms--Flashing indications.
17.08.160 Traffic-control signal colors and terms--"Walk" and "Don't Walk."
17.08.170 Traffic-control signal colors and terms--Lane direction control.
17.08.180 Tampering with traffic-control devices.
17.08.190 Closing of traffic at schools.
17.08.200 Implementation of Section 17.08.190.
17.08.210 Display of unauthorized traffic-control devices.
17.08.220 Traffic lanes.
17.08.230 Obedience to signal indicating approach to train.
17.08.240 Certain buses and trucks to stop at railroad crossing.
17.08.250 Authority to use federal signs, symbols and markings.

17.08.010 Authority to install traffic-control devices.

The traffic and transportation administrator shall designate traffic-control signs, signals and devices when and as required under the traffic ordinances of the city to make effective the provisions of said ordinances, and may designate such additional traffic control devices to regulate traffic under the traffic ordinances of the city or under state law or to guide or warn traffic. A schedule of streets to include all stop and yield intersections of whatever nature shall be maintained in the office of the traffic and transportation administrator and in the office of the register of the city.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.010.)

17.08.020 Obedience to traffic-control devices.

The driver of any vehicle shall obey the instructions of any official traffic-control device applicable thereto placed in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, unless otherwise directed by a police officer or other authorized person.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.020.)

17.08.030 Obedience to traffic-control devices--Exceptions.

No provision of this chapter for which official traffic control devices are required shall be enforced against an alleged violator if at the time and place of the alleged violation an official device is not in proper position and sufficiently legible to be seen by an ordinarily observant person.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.030.)

17.08.035 Nonfunctioning traffic-control devices--Vehicle procedures.

A. The operator of a motor vehicle traveling toward an intersection where electric traffic-control devices are installed and the signal heads are not illuminated shall bring such motor vehicle to a complete stop before entering the intersection, in the same manner as if said electric control device showed a flashing red light.

B. Any person convicted of violating the provisions of this section shall be punished as provided by Section 1.12.010 of this code.
(Ord. 58311 1 and 2, 1981.)

17.08.040 Official traffic-control devices--Presumption of legality.

A. Whenever official traffic-control devices are placed in position conforming to the requirements of this chapter, such devices shall be presumed to have been so placed by the official act or direction of lawful authority, unless the contrary shall be established by competent evidence.

B. Any official control device placed pursuant to the provisions of this chapter shall be presumed to comply with the requirements of this chapter unless the contrary shall be established by competent evidence.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.040.)

17.08.050 Stop and yield signs--Generally.

A. Every driver of a vehicle approaching a stop sign shall stop at a clearly marked stop line, but if none, shall stop before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection, or, if none, shall stop at the point nearest the intersecting street where the driver has a view of approaching traffic on the intersecting street before entering it and shall not proceed until safe to do so.

B. The driver of a vehicle approaching a yield sign, in obedience to such sign, shall slow to a speed reasonable for the existing conditions and, if required for safety, shall stop and shall not proceed until safe to do so.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.050.)

17.08.060 One-way streets and rotary traffic islands.

A. The Traffic and Transportation Administrator may designate any street or part of a street as a one-way street upon which vehicular traffic shall move in one direction at all and such times as shall be indicated by official traffic control devices, except City one-man automated refuse collection trucks, which are hereby permitted to travel the wrong way on a one-way street while making refuse collections in that block. A list of one-way streets shall be kept on file in the Office of the City Register.

B. Upon a street, so designated for one-way traffic, a vehicle shall be driven only in the direction designated at all or such times as shall be indicated by official traffic-control devices.

C. A vehicle passing around a rotary traffic island shall be driven only to the right of such island.
(Ord. 59349 1, 1984; Ord. 58448 1 (part), 1981; Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.060.)

17.08.070 Special purpose stops.

At those street intersections or crosswalks, lawfully designated as a "special purpose stop," signs shall be erected by the Traffic and Transportation Division. When such signs are placed facing traffic, every driver shall stop and yield the right-of-way to drivers and pedestrians, and shall not proceed until safe to do so.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.070.)

17.08.075 Stop sign replacement.

The Director of Streets is hereby authorized to replace all permanent stop signs with material which will meet the minimum standards of reflective intensity value as outlined in the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration publication FP-74.
(Ord. 57193 1, 1976.)

17.08.080 School stops.

At those street intersections or crosswalks lawfully designated as a "school stop," signs shall be erected by the Traffic and Transportation Division. When such signs are placed facing traffic, every driver facing such signs shall stop at such signs and shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians and shall not proceed until safe to do so.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.080.)

17.08.090 Playground stops.

At those street intersections or crosswalks, lawfully designated as a "playground stop," signs shall be erected by the Traffic and Transportation Division. When signs are placed facing traffic, every driver facing such signs shall stop at the sign and yield the right-of-way to pedestrians and shall not proceed until safe to do so.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.090.)

17.08.100 Church stops.

At those street intersections or crosswalks lawfully designated as a "church stop," signs shall be erected by the Traffic and Transportation Division. When such signs are placed facing traffic, every driver shall stop and yield the right-of-way to pedestrians and shall not proceed until safe to do so.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.100.)

17.08.105 Warning signs.

When warning signs are placed facing traffic by either the Traffic and Transportation Administrator, State Highway Department, or any authorized agency, for safety or other traffic purposes every driver facing such sign shall obey such warning and proceed with caution.
(Ord. 58448 2 (part), 1981: Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.105.)

17.08.110 Traffic-control signal colors and terms.

Whenever traffic is controlled by official traffic-control signals and devices, the following colors and terms shall have the meaning described in Sections 17.08.120 through 17.08.170.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.110 (part).)

17.08.120 Traffic-control signal colors and terms--Green indication.

A. Vehicular traffic facing a circular green signal may proceed straight through or turn right or left unless a sign at such place prohibits either such turn. But vehicular traffic, including vehicles turning right or left, shall yield the right-of-way to other vehicles and to pedestrians lawfully within the intersection or crosswalk during the time such signal is exhibited.

B. Vehicular traffic facing a green arrow signal, shown alone or in combination with another indication, may cautiously enter the intersection only to make the movement indicated by such arrow, or such other movement as is permitted by other indications shown at the same time. Before entering an intersection such vehicular traffic shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians lawfully within the intersection or crosswalk at the time such signal is exhibited.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 8 23.110(a).)

17.08.130 Traffic-control signal colors and terms--Steady red indication.

Vehicular traffic facing a steady red signal alone shall stop at a clearly marked stop line, but if none, before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection, or if none, then before entering the intersection and shall remain standing until an indication to proceed is shown. After stopping, a driver may cautiously enter the intersection only to make a right turn unless a sign at such place prohibits such movement and shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians lawfully within the adjacent crosswalks, and to all other traffic lawfully in the intersection or about to enter the intersection.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.110(b).)

17.08.140 Traffic-control signal colors and terms--Steady yellow indication.

A. Vehicular traffic facing a steady yellow signal is thereby warned that the related green movement has been terminated and that a red indication will be exhibited immediately thereafter when vehicular traffic shall not enter the intersection.

B. Pedestrians facing a steady yellow signal, unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian-control signal, are thereby advised that there is insufficient time to cross the roadway before a red indication is shown and no pedestrian shall then start to cross the roadway.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.110(c).)

17.08.150 Traffic-control signal colors and terms--Flashing indications.

A. When a red lens is illuminated with rapid intermittent flashes, drivers of vehicles shall stop at a clearly marked stop line, but if none, before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection, or if none, then at the point nearest the intersecting roadway where the driver has a view of approaching traffic on the intersection roadway before entering it, and the right to proceed shall be subject to the rules applicable after making a stop at a stop sign.

B. When a yellow lens is illuminated with rapid intermittent flashes, drivers of vehicles may proceed through the intersection or past such signal only with caution.

C. This section shall not apply at railroad grade crossings.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.110(d).)

17.08.160 Traffic-control signal colors and terms--"Walk" and "Don't Walk."

A. "Walk." Pedestrians at a crosswalk facing either a steady "Walk" or a flashing "Walk" signal may proceed across the roadway in the direction of the signal while in the crosswalk and shall be given the right-of-way by the drivers of all vehicles.

B. "Don't Walk." No pedestrian shall start to cross the roadway in the direction of a steady or flashing "Don't Walk" signal. Any pedestrian who has partially completed his crossing on the walk signal shall proceed to a sidewalk or safety zone while the "Don't Walk" signal is showing.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.110(e).)

17.08.170 Traffic-control signal colors and terms--Lane direction control.

When lane direction control signals are placed over the individual lanes of a street vehicular traffic may travel in any lane over which a green signal is shown, but shall not enter or travel in any lane over which a red signal is shown.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.110(f).)

17.08.180 Tampering with traffic-control devices.

No person shall, without lawful authority, attempt to or in fact alter, deface, injure, knock down or otherwise interfere with or remove any official traffic-control device or any railroad sign or signal or any inscription, shield or insignia thereon, or any other part thereof.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.120.)

17.08.190 Closing of traffic at schools.

The traffic and transportation administrator may authorize the person in charge of any public or private school to cause any public street or alley adjacent to such school or any portion thereof to be temporarily closed to through vehicular traffic. Such authority shall be limited to the hours and days that the traffic and transportation administrator shall determine to be reasonable and necessary to each case for the purpose of protecting the life and limb of the children attending such school. All barriers and signs necessary to effect such temporary closing shall be provided by each school receiving such authority. It shall be the obligation of the school receiving such authority to place and remove such barriers and signs.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.130.)

17.08.200 Implementation of Section 17.08.190.

For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of Section 17.08.190 in a uniform and orderly manner, the traffic and transportation administrator shall issue such reasonable regulations as he may deem necessary, including regulations as to the dimensions, color and wording on such barriers or signs, as will protect, for persons whose residences or places of business are on such temporarily closed street or alley, their rights of ingress and egress.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.140.)

17.08.210 Display of unauthorized traffic-control devices.

A. No person shall place, maintain or display upon or in view of any street any unauthorized sign, signal, marking or device which purports to be or is an imitation of or resembles an official traffic-control device or railroad sign or signal, or which attempts to direct the movement of traffic, or which hides from view or interferes with the effectiveness of an official traffic-control device or any railroad sign or signal.

B. Every such prohibited sign, signal or marking is hereby declared to be a public nuisance and the authority having jurisdiction over the street is hereby empowered to remove the same or cause it to be removed without notice.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.160.)

17.08.220 Traffic lanes.

The traffic and transportation administrator shall designate traffic lanes upon the roadway of any street where a regular alignment of traffic is necessary.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.170.)

17.08.230 Obedience to signal indicating approach to train.

A. Whenever any person driving a vehicle approaches a railroad grade crossing under any of the circumstances stated in this section, the driver of such vehicle shall stop within fifty feet, but not less than ten feet from the nearest rail of such railroad, and shall not proceed until he can do so safely. The foregoing requirements shall apply when:

1. A clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device gives warning of the immediate approach of a railroad train;

2. A crossing gate is lowered or when a human flagman gives or continues to give a signal of the approach or passage of a railroad train;

3. A railroad train approaching within approximately 1,500 feet of the street crossing emits a signal audible from such distance and such railroad train, by reason of its speed or nearness to such crossing, is an immediate hazard;

4. An approaching railroad train is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to such crossing.

B. No person shall drive any vehicle through, around or under any crossing gate or barrier at a railroad crossing which such gate or barrier is closed or being opened or closed.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.180.)

17.08.240 Certain buses and trucks to stop at railroad crossing.

Every bus transporting passengers, and every motor vehicle transporting high explosives, poisonous or compressed inflammable gases, inflammable or corrosive liquids in bulk (whether loaded or empty) shall upon approaching any railroad grade crossing be brought to a stop within fifty feet, but not less than ten feet from the nearest rail of such railroad grade crossing, and shall not proceed until due caution has been taken to ascertain that the course is clear. Such stop shall not be required at a railroad grade crossing protected by a watchman or a traffic officer.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.190.)

17.08.250 Authority to use federal signs, symbols and markings.

The city traffic and transportation division is hereby authorized to use symbol signs, word signs, pavement markings and electric signal indications as established by the most recent edition of the "Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways," published by the U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration, a copy of which is on file in the register's office.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 823.200.)

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