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BULLET St. Louis City Revised Code Chapter 17.02 Division I Definitions

St. Louis City Revised Code (annotated) has been converted to electronic format by the staff of the St. Louis Public Library. This electronic version has been done for the interest and convenience of the user. These are unofficial versions and should be used as unofficial copies.

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DIVISION I. TRAFFIC CODE

Chapter 17.02
Definitions

Sections:

17.02.010 Generally.
17.02.020 Accident.
17.02.030 Alley, alleyway.
17.02.040 Angle parking.
17.02.050 Arterial or collector street.
17.02.060 Barricade.
17.02.070 Barrier line.
17.02.080 Bicycle, tricycle.
17.02.081 Bicycle/pedestrian right-of-way.
17.02.090 Bus.
17.02.100 Bus zone.
17.02.110 Camper.
17.02.120 Central traffic district.
17.02.130 Center line.
17.02.140 Chauffeur.
17.02.150 Commercial vehicle.
17.02.160 Controlled or limited access highway.
17.02.170 Crosswalk.
17.02.180 Curb.
17.02.190 Curb loading zone.
17.02.200 Curb or street market.
17.02.210 Driver.
17.02.220 Driveway.
17.02.230 Emergency vehicles.
17.02.240 Equestrian.
17.02.250 Fire lane.
17.02.260 Highway.
17.02.265 Homemade trailer.
17.02.270 Intersection.
17.02.280 Lane line.
17.02.290 Lateral boundary.
17.02.300 Motor vehicle.
17.02.310 Motorcycle.
17.02.315 Motorized bicycle.
17.02.320 Night time.
17.02.330 Official time standard.
17.02.340 Official traffic control devices.
17.02.350 One-way street.
17.02.360 Owner.
17.02.370 Park, parking.
17.02.380 Parking lot.
17.02.390 Pedestrian.
17.02.400 Person.
17.02.410 Police officer.
17.02.420 Private road or driveway.
17.02.430 Public holidays.
17.02.440 Railroad.
17.02.450 Recreation motor vehicle.
17.02.460 Residential area.
17.02.470 Right-of-way.
17.02.480 Roadway.
17.02.490 Sidewalk.
17.02.495 Stand or standing.
17.02.500 Stop.
17.02.505 Stop or stopping.
17.02.510 Street.
17.02.520 Taxicab.
17.02.530 Traffic.
17.02.540 Traffic-control signal.
17.02.550 Trailer.
17.02.560 Truck.
17.02.570 Truck-tractor or tractor.
17.02.580 Vehicle.

17.02.010 Generally.

The following words and phrases when used in this division shall have the meanings set forth in this chapter.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. Ch. 820.)

17.02.020 Accident.

"Accident" means an occurrence involving the movement or cessation of movement of either a vehicle, a device moved by human power, or a device used exclusively on rails, which results in damage, injury or fatality.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.010.)

17.02.030 Alley, alleyway.

"Alley, alleyway" means every way set apart for public use within a block for local conveniences, except streets.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.020.)

17.02.040 Angle parking.

"Angle parking" means the standing of any vehicle whether occupied or not upon a roadway other than parallel to the curb where the longitudinal axis of vehicles form an angle with the alignment of the roadway.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.030.)

17.02.050 Arterial or collector street.

"Arterial or collector street" means every street or portion thereof on which vehicular traffic is given preferential right-of-way, and at the entrances to which vehicular traffic from intersecting streets is required by law to yield right-of-way to vehicles on such arterial or collector street in obedience to either a stop sign or a yield sign, when such signs are erected as provided in this ordinance.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.040.)

17.02.060 Barricade.

"Barricade" means a nonportable device constructed within the roadway for the purpose of prohibiting or redirecting the passage of vehicles.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.050.)

17.02.070 Barrier line.

"Barrier line" means an unbroken, double, yellow line upon the surface of the roadway, requiring that all traffic shall keep to the right of said line except when turning.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.060.)

17.02.080 Bicycle, tricycle.

"Bicycle, tricycle" means a manually propelled device.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.070.)

17.02.081 Bicycle/pedestrian right-of-way.

"Bicycle/pedestrian right-of-way" means that portion of any street, roadway, sidewalk, public easement or other public place where its primary use has been designated for use by persons riding a bicycle or tricycle or by persons walking, running or skating. Nothing contained herein shall prohibit the use of any such designated place by a disabled person in a wheelchair or similar device.
(Ord. 64952 3, 2000.)

17.02.090 Bus.

"Bus" means a motor vehicle designed, equipped, or regularly used to carry more than eight (8) passengers.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.090.)

17.02.100 Bus zone.

"Bus zone" means a space on or adjacent to the main traveled portion of the roadway specifically marked and designated for the loading or unloading of passengers from buses.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.080.)

17.02.110 Camper.

For the definition of "camper," see recreation motor vehicle.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.100.)

17.02.120 Central traffic district.

"Central traffic district" means the area bounded by the north curb line of Cole Street, the south curb line of Spruce Street, the east curb line of Third Street and Memorial Drive, and the west curb line of Twelfth Street.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.110.)

17.02.130 Center line.

"Center line" means a broken single or double yellow line upon the surface of a roadway dividing traffic moving in opposite directions.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.120.)

17.02.140 Chauffeur.

"Chauffeur" means an individual licensed by a state as a chauffeur.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.130.)

17.02.150 Commercial vehicle.

"Commercial vehicle" means a vehicle which is licensed or designed or regularly used for the transportation of freight, merchandise or property.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.140.)

17.02.160 Controlled or limited access highway.

"Controlled or limited access highway" means any street which provides access connections only with public streets and which has no crossings at grade, and all connecting ramps thereto.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.150.)

17.02.170 Crosswalk.

"Crosswalk" means that portion of the roadway whether marked or unmarked, ordinarily included within the prolongation of curb and property lines at intersections, or any other portion of a roadway marked for pedestrian crossings.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.160.)

17.02.180 Curb.

"Curb" means the lateral boundaries of a roadway marked by the raised edging.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.170.)

17.02.190 Curb loading zone.

"Curb loading zone" means a space adjacent to a curb, reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of freight.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.180.)

17.02.200 Curb or street market.

"Curb or street market" means a space on or adjacent to the street set aside and designated by the board of public service as a place from which anyone possessing a permit may sell produce and other goods.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.190.)

17.02.210 Driver.

"Driver" means every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.200.)

17.02.220 Driveway.

For the definition of "driveway," see private road.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.210.)

17.02.230 Emergency vehicles.

An "emergency vehicle" is a vehicle of any of the following types:

A. A publicly owned vehicle whenever it is operated as an ambulance, but only during an emergency trip;

B. A privately owned vehicle approved by the Director of Streets operated as an ambulance, but only during an emergency trip;

C. A publicly owned vehicle when operated by an officer of either the Missouri State Highway Patrol or a Police Department, but only when going to a destination in response to an emergency call or when in pursuit of an actual or suspected law violator;

D. A publicly owned vehicle when operated by a fireman, but only when going to a destination in response to a fire alarm;

E. A publicly owned vehicle when operated by the Medical Examiner, Deputy Medical Examiner or Medical Examiner Investigator, but only when going to a destination in response to an emergency call;

F. A publicly owned vehicle when operated by the Missouri Department of Transportation, but only when going to a destination in response to an emergency call.
(Ord. 67324 1, 2006: prior: Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.220.)

17.02.240 Equestrian.

"Equestrian" means a rider of a horse or other animal.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.230.)

17.02.250 Fire lane.

"Fire lane" means any place designated by the words "fire lane."
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.240.)

17.02.260 Highway.

For the definition of "highway," see street.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.245.)

17.02.265 Homemade trailer.

"Homemade trailer" means a trailer designed, constructed or modified by an individual who is not a manufacturer using readily distinguishable manufacturers' identifying numbers or a statement of origin.
(Ord. 64705 1, 1999.)

17.02.270 Intersection.

"Intersection" means the area within the prolongation of the lateral curb lines (or if none, then the lateral boundary lines) of two or more streets which join one another at an angle whether or not one such street crosses the other.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.250.)

17.02.280 Lane line.

"Lane line" means any line upon the surface of a roadway separating two traffic lanes moving in the same direction.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.260.)

17.02.290 Lateral boundary.

"Lateral boundary" means edge of a roadway whether marked or not.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.270.)

17.02.300 Motor vehicle.

"Motor vehicle" means every vehicle which is self-propelled, except those which move upon a track(s).
(Ord. 66692 1 (part), 2005: Ord. 58448 1 (part), 1981: Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.280.)

17.02.310 Motorcycle.

"Motorcycle" means every motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three (3) wheels in contact with the ground but excluding a tractor.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.290.)

17.02.315 Motorized bicycle.

"Motorized bicycle" shall mean any two- or three-wheeled device having an automatic transmission and a motor with a cylinder capacity of not more than fifty cubic centimeters, which produces less than three gross brake horsepower, and is capable of propelling the device at a maximum speed of not more than thirty miles per hour on level ground, except those devices used by persons with disabilities for the purpose of mobility.
(Ord. 66692 1 (part), 2005: Ord. 58448 2 (part), 1981: Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.295.)

17.02.320 Night time.

"Night time" means the period from the time the street lights are turned on until they are turned off, or in any event, from thirty (30) minutes after sunset until thirty (30) minutes before sunrise.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.300.)

17.02.330 Official time standard.

"Official time standard" means whenever certain hours are named herein they shall mean standard time or daylight saving time as may be in current use by this city.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.310.)

17.02.340 Official traffic control devices.

"Official traffic control devices" means all signs, signals, marking and devices placed or erected by authority of the traffic and transportation administration or the board of aldermen for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.3 20.)

17.02.350 One-way street.

"One-way street" means a street where vehicles are by signs, permitted to move in one designated direction only.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.330.)

17.02.360 Owner.

"Owner" means a person, other than a lienholder, having a property interest in or legal title to a vehicle. The term includes a person entitled to the use and possession of a vehicle subject to a security interest in another person, but excludes a lessee under a lease not intended as security.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.340.)

17.02.370 Park, parking.

"Park, parking" means the standing of a vehicle upon a roadway, (other than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading freight or passengers).
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.350.)

17.02.380 Parking lot.

"Parking lot" means any building or parcel of land regularly used, in whole or in part, for the storing or parking of more than five (5) motor vehicles and which is open to the general public, including, but not limited to, "drive-in" facilities, commercial "free" courtesy lots and lots for which a fee is charged. The term "parking lot" shall not include lots owned by a person, firm or corporation operated for the exclusive use of such person, firm or corporation or employee thereof.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.351.)

17.02.390 Pedestrian.

"Pedestrian" means any person afoot.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.360.)

17.02.400 Person.

"Person" means every natural person, firm, copartnership, association or corporation.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.370.)

17.02.410 Police officer.

"Police officer" means every officer with the power of arrest within the city.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.380.)

17.02.420 Private road or driveway.

"Private road or driveway" means every road or driveway not open to the use of the public for the purpose of vehicular traffic.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.390.)

17.02.430 Public holidays.

"Public holidays," where referred to in this division, shall be New Year's Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.400.)

17.02.440 Railroad.

"Railroad" means a carrier of persons or property upon cars operating upon rails.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.410.)

17.02.450 Recreation motor vehicle.

"Recreation motor vehicle" means any motor vehicle designed, constructed or substantially modified so that it may be used and is used for the purpose of temporary housing quarters, including therein sleeping and eating facilities which are either permanently attached to the motor vehicle or attached to a unit which is securely attached to the motor vehicle, and so licensed.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.420.)

17.02.460 Residential area.

"Residential area" means any area so designated by zoning ordinance of the city.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.430.)

17.02.470 Right-of-way.

"Right-of-way" means the right of one vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian approaching under such circumstances of direction, speed and proximity as to give rise to danger of collision unless one grants precedence to the other.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.440.)

17.02.480 Roadway.

"Roadway" means that portion of the street or alley between the regularly established curbs or that portion ordinarily used for vehicular travel, the shoulder is not part of roadway.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.450.)

17.02.490 Sidewalk.

"Sidewalk" means that portion of a street between the curb line (or the lateral boundary of a roadway) and the adjacent property line intended for use of pedestrians.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.460.)

17.02.495 Stand or standing.

"Stand" or "standing" means the halting of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily in obedience to traffic regulations or traffic signs or signals, or when discharging a passenger or picking up a waiting passenger.
(Ord. 58702 1 (part), 1982.)

17.02.500 Stop.

"Stop" means the complete cessation from movement.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.470.)

17.02.505 Stop or stopping.

"Stop" or "stopping" when prohibited means any halting even momentarily of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the direction of a police officer or traffic control sign or signal.
(Ord. 58702 1 (part), 1982.)

17.02.510 Street.

"Street" means the entire width between the adjacent property lines of every way other than in an alley, when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for the purpose of vehicular travel, also known as "highway."
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.480.)

17.02.520 Taxicab.

"Taxicab" means any motor vehicle engaged in the business of carrying persons for hire on the streets of the city, whether the same is operated from a street stand or from a garage, where no regular or specific route is traveled, but passengers are taken to and from places as they may designate, whether the charge therefor is made upon the basis of distance traveled, as indicated by a taximeter speedometer attached thereto, or by any other method of determining distance, such as by a zoning system or otherwise, or the time consumed in traveling, as indicated by a time card furnished the passenger by the operator, or on any other basis whatever.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.490.)

17.02.530 Traffic.

"Traffic" means pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, bicycles, vehicles and other conveyances, either singularly or together, while using any street or alley for purpose of movement.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.500.)

17.02.540 Traffic-control signal.

"Traffic-control signal" means any device, whether manually, electrically or mechanically operated, by which traffic is directed.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.510.)

17.02.550 Trailer.

"Trailer" means any vehicle without motive power designed for carrying property or passengers on its own structure and for being drawn by self-propelled vehicle, except those running exclusively on rails.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.520.)

17.02.560 Truck.

"Truck" means every motor vehicle designed, used or maintained primarily for the transportation of property and so licensed.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.530.)

17.02.570 Truck-tractor or tractor.

"Truck-tractor or tractor" means a self-propelled motor vehicle designed for drawing other vehicles, but not for the carrying of any load when operating independently.
(Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.531.)

17.02.580 Vehicle.

"Vehicle" means every device, in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a roadway, excepting motorized bicycles and devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon rails.
(Ord. 58448 1 (part), 1981: Ord. 57831 1 (part), 1979: 1960 C. 820.540.)

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