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BULLET St. Louis City Revised Code Chapter 16.16 City Workhouse

St. Louis City Revised Code (annotated) has been converted to electronic format by the staff of the St. Louis Public Library. This electronic version has been done for the interest and convenience of the user. These are unofficial versions and should be used as unofficial copies.

Official printed copies of St. Louis City Revised Code may be obtained from the Register's Office at the St. Louis City Hall.



Chapter 16.16
City Workhouse

Sections:

16.16.010 Location.
16.16.020 Appointment of warden and subordinates.
16.16.030 Duties of warden.
16.16.040 Record of prisoners.
16.16.050 Account of work.
16.16.060 Termination of confinement.
16.16.070 Monthly requisitions for supplies.
16.16.080 Meals.
16.16.090 Food for guards and employees.
16.16.100 Executions.
16.16.110 Effects of prisoners.
16.16.120 Employment of prisoners.
16.16.130 Sale of brooms and brushes made in penal institutions--Prohibited.
16.16.140 Sale of brooms and brushes made in penal institutions--Penalty for violation.
16.16.150 Use of brooms and brushes.
16.16.160 Accounts.
16.16.170 Discipline.
16.16.180 Escapes--Notice.
16.16.190 Escapes--Penalty.
16.16.200 Forfeitures and credits of prisoners.
16.16.210 Credits for satisfactory work and good behavior.
16.16.215 Direction of felons to work assignments.
16.16.217 Release of working felons--Completion of three-fourths of sentence required.
16.16.220 Discharge.
16.16.230 Prisoner interviews.
16.16.240 Separate apartments.
16.16.250 Sick prisoners.
16.16.260 Diets.
16.16.270 When prisoners removed to hospital.
16.16.280 Venereal diseases.
16.16.290 Warden to report to aldermen.
16.16.300 Precautions against escapes--Arrest of escapees.
16.16.310 Trespassing on workhouse premises--Assisting escapes.
16.16.320 Prisoner clothing.
16.16.330 Record of articles received and sent.
16.16.340 When prisoners to be used for loading.

Charter:

Art. IV 24 Fines and imprisonment

16.16.010 Location.

The houses, inclosures and fixtures erected on that portion of the northeast quarter of block number eighty-five in the city commons which lies between Jefferson Avenue and the macadamized Carondelet Road (now corner Broadway and Meramec Streets) shall and they are hereby designated to be the workhouse of the city, and shall be so known and designated.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 24: 1960 C. 200.010.)

McQuillin:

47.17 Workhouse

53.94 Jails, workhouses

16.16.020 Appointment of warden and subordinates.

The commissioner of adult services is authorized to appoint, in accordance with the city charter and the city ordinances, one warden and other subordinates for the conduct and management of the municipal workhouse, whose duties shall be those pertaining to their respective titles, and other duties as may be required of them by the commissioner of adult services.
(Ord. 49619 1 (part), 1959: 1948 C. Ch. 52 25: 1960 C. 200.020.)

16.16.030 Duties of warden.

The warden of the workhouse shall have the control and management of the workhouse, and it shall be his duty:

A. To see that all laws and ordinances relating to the workhouse are fully and faithfully enforced;

B. To exercise a general supervision over the officers and employees connected with the workhouse and the management thereof;

C. To prescribe the kind of labor at which and the place where all the prisoners in the workhouse shall be employed;

D. To establish rules and regulations generally for the government and management of the workhouse as he may deem proper, not contrary to or inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter, and to cause the same to be printed and posted in each and every department of the workhouse;

E. To have the care and custody of the workhouse and the grounds, inclosures, fixtures, appurtenances and tools, and all property pertaining thereto, and of all persons pertaining thereto, and of all persons confined therein, and daily to visit all departments thereof and see if the same are properly cleaned and in good order;

F. To attend to the management of the prisoners and guards; to see personally that the prisoners are employed at the places and the work directed by the board of public service; to see personally that the guards do their duty; to attend to the safekeeping of the prisoners; to see that the prisoners are properly lodged and fed, and to report to the mayor at the end of each month the amount and description of work done by the prisoners, the amount of the stock on hand produced by their labor, the amount produced during the month and the amount sold during the month; the condition of the property of the city connected with the workhouse and such other facts as may be required;

G. To deliver to his successor in office all prisoners confined in the workhouse and all property of the city connected therewith.
(Ord. 62894 1, 1993; prior 1948 C. Ch. 52 26: 1960 C. 201.010.)

16.16.040 Record of prisoners.

The warden shall receive all persons committed to the workhouse by the marshal and register in a book, to be kept for that purpose, the name, age, height, color, place of birth of each prisoner received, and such other facts as may be necessary, and the number of times the prisoner has been committed.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 27: 1960 C. 201.020.)

16.16.050 Account of work.

The warden shall keep an accurate account of days worked by each prisoner, and also keep a daily account of the number of prisoners on hand and the work at which they have been employed.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 28: 1960 C. 201.030.)

16.16.060 Termination of confinement.

The warden shall note when the time of any prisoner is out, or such prisoner is otherwise legally entitled to his discharge, upon his books.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 29: 1960 C. 201.040.)

16.16.070 Monthly requisitions for supplies.

It shall further be the duty of the warden of the workhouse to prepare and submit at the end of each month to the supply commissioner a full and detailed requisition of the necessary supplies for the workhouse, such as provisions, clothing, tools, provender for horses, and other articles as may be required for the use of the institution for the next ensuing month.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 31: 1960 C. 201.050.)

16.16.080 Meals.

The warden shall also supervise the cooking and providing of meals for the prisoners and see that they have sufficiently good and wholesome food and that their sleeping apartments are properly cleaned and ventilated, and to attend to all other duties that may be required of him by the director of welfare and the commissioner of adult services.
(Ord. 50123 1 (part), 1960: 1948 C. Ch. 52 32: 1960 C. 201.060.)

16.16.090 Food for guards and employees.

The warden shall provide suitable food for the guards and employees of the workhouse, and the requisitions for such food shall be made in the same manner as prescribed in Section 16.16.070, but separate accounts shall be kept by the supply commissioner and warden of the workhouse of the supplies furnished under this section, but no compensation therefor shall be allowed the warden or other officers of the institution other than their lawful salaries.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 33: 1960 C. 201.070.)

16.16.100 Executions.

Whenever the marshal shall commit any person to the workhouse, he shall endorse upon the execution the amount of money or other property that he may have in his hands, belonging to the prisoner, and shall deliver to the warden a copy of the execution under which the commitment takes place, and the endorsement thereon. The warden shall endorse a receipt for the prisoner on the execution held by the marshal. The warden shall then enter in a book the executions and endorsements thereon, and the number of days' labor which the prisoner must give to discharge the execution and costs.
(Ord. 50123 1 (part), 1960: 1948 C. Ch. 52 34: 1960 C. 206.020.)

16.16.110 Effects of prisoners.

Upon receipt of any prisoner, the warden shall divest him of all articles of value, and all unnecessary wearing apparel, and all such articles shall be registered in a book and returned to the owner upon his being discharged.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 35: 1960 C. 206.030.)

City Counselor Ops.: 7866

16.16.120 Employment of prisoners.

The warden shall, so far as possible, keep all prisoners committed to the workhouse employed at useful and profitable labor as their health and strength will permit, eight hours each day; but no prisoner shall be required to work before sunrise or after sunset, except in extraordinary cases; provided, that prisoners shall not be employed on any work of the city or on any public or private work which employment takes them outside the boundaries of the workhouse property.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 36: 1960 C. 202.010.)

City Counselor Ops.: 9497, 9622

16.16.130 Sale of brooms and brushes made in penal institutions--Prohibited.

No official, either elective or appointive, nor any agent or employee of the city, shall sell, barter or exchange any brooms or brushes manufactured in whole or in part by inmates of any penal institution maintained by the city.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 37: 1960 C. 211.010.)

16.16.140 Sale of brooms and brushes made in penal institution--Penalty for violation.

Any official, either elective or appointive, or any agent or employee of the city, who shall violate any of the provisions of Section 16.16.130 shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 38.)

16.16.150 Use of brooms and brushes.

Nothing in Sections 16.16.130 and 16.16.140 shall be so construed as to prohibit the use in any building or plants maintained, occupied or operated by the city of brooms or brushes as specified in Section 16.16.130.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 39: 1960 C. 211.020.)

16.16.160 Accounts.

The warden shall cause to be kept in proper books, a daily account of the number of prisoners on hand, and the work at which they have been employed. All bills against the workhouse shall be signed by the warden, and his accounts so certified shall be audited by the comptroller, in the same way other accounts are audited, and he shall draw his warrant on the treasurer for such amounts, payable out of the appropriation for the workhouse.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 40: 1960 C. 201.080.)

16.16.170 Discipline.

Any person who shall refuse to work, or who shall behave in a riotous or disorderly manner, or shall resist or attempt to escape from the workhouse, may be confined in a cell alone, which, however, shall be supplied with light and air, and may be fed on bread and water until he consents to perform his duty; but the mayor shall have power to control the warden in the extent and manner of punishment.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 41: 1960 C. 203.010.)

City Counselor Ops.: 8065

16.16.180 Escapes--Notice.

Whenever any prisoner shall escape from the workhouse, the warden shall immediately notify the mayor and the chief of police thereof and shall furnish the latter with a description of the fugitive, and a statement of the manner of escape, and if he fails so to do within twenty-four hours after the escape, he shall be liable for the amount of fines and costs due from the prisoner.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 42: 1960 C. 205.010.)

City Counselor Ops.: 8065

16.16.190 Escapes--Penalty.

Any prisoner escaping from the workhouse shall forfeit the time he may have labored therein; and upon being retaken, shall work out the whole amount for which he was originally committed, and the cost of boarding for the whole time.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 43: 1960 C. 205.020.)

City Counselor Ops.: 8065

16.16.200 Forfeitures and credits of prisoners.

Any prisoner who may be placed in solitary confinement, or may refuse to perform his task, shall not be allowed a credit for the time of such confinement or refusal, and the cost of this boarding during the time of such confinement or refusal shall be added to the amount for which he was committed, and worked out by him. If any prisoner shall be sick and unable to work, he shall be allowed his time as though he had worked, but the amount of his board shall be charged to him. If the weather should be so inclement that the prisoners cannot work, those who cannot be kept at work for that reason shall, nevertheless, be allowed a credit as though they had worked, but their board for such time shall be charged to them.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 44: 1960 C. 203.040.)

16.16.210 Credits for satisfactory work and good behavior.

The warden of the city workhouse, subject to the approval of the commissioner of adult services and of the judges of the city courts, may establish and amend from time to time rules and regulations whereby prisoners sentenced to the workhouse for violations of city ordinances who serve in an orderly and peaceable manner according to the rules and regulations may be discharged after serving three-fourths of the time for which he may have been sentenced in the same manner as if the prisoner had served the full time for which sentenced.
(Ord. 49619 1 (part), 1959: prior Ord. 47771, 1956: 1948 C. Ch. 52 44(a): 1960 C. 207.010.)

16.16.215 Direction of felons to work assignment.

The correctional superintendents of the medium security institution and the city jail, insofar as practicable, shall direct felons confined to their respective institutions after sentencing to work within their respective institution at appropriate positions.
(Ord. 57287 1, 1976: 1960 C. 207.020.)

16.16.217 Release of working felons--Completion of three-fourths of sentence required.

After certified approval of the commissioner of adult services and the correctional superintendents of the medium security institution or the city jail that a working felon has served three-fourths of the time for which he may have been sentenced in an orderly and peaceable manner, he shall be discharged in the same manner as if the prisoner had served the full time for which sentenced.
(Ord. 57287 2, 1976.)

16.16.220 Discharge.

Any prisoner may at any time pay the warden the amount of execution and costs, or balance due thereon, after deducting credits as he may be entitled to, and upon payment, or upon any prisoner working out his fine and costs, or if he should be otherwise legally entitled to his discharge, the warden shall give the prisoner a printed or written discharge and set the same at liberty. The prisoners shall each be allowed three dollars per day for their work.
(Ord. 50123 1 (part), 1960: 1948 C. Ch. 52 46: 1960 C. 206.010.)

Charter:

Art. IV 24 Fines and imprisonment

16.16.230 Prisoner interviews.

No person except the mayor, members of the board of aldermen, director of welfare, commissioner of adult services, and officers of the workhouse, shall hold any interview with any prisoner, except upon permit of the warden, mayor, director of welfare, or commissioner of adult services.
(Ord. 50123 1 (part), 1960: 1948 C. Ch. 52 47: 1960 C. 203.020.)

16.16.240 Separate apartments.

The warden shall not permit any male and female persons to occupy the same apartments.
(Ord. 50491 1, 1961: 1948 C. Ch. 52 48: 1960 C. 203.030.)

16.16.250 Sick prisoners.

Whenever any prisoner is sick, the warden shall notify the hospital commissioner of the fact, who shall thereupon detail one of the physicians of the hospital department to visit the sick prisoner, and furnish the prisoner with proper medicine and medical attendance, and the warden shall see that the prisoner is properly nursed and attended, and the cost of all medicines, nursing and attendance shall be allowed as other expenses of the workhouse.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 49: 1960 C. 204.010.)

16.16.260 Diets.

It shall be the duty of the physician employed under the authority of Section 16.16.020 to visit the eating rooms of the prisoners of the workhouse during meal time, at least once each week or oftener if he shall deem it necessary, and he shall make a careful examination of the food furnished the prisoners, and if, in his opinion, the food of the prisoners be not sufficient or of the proper quality, he shall make to the commissioner of adult services recommendations for a change of diet as may be requisite for the health of the prisoners. The commissioner of adult services shall direct the warden to change the diet of the prisoners in accordance with this recommendation. The hospital commissioner shall also forward to the mayor a copy of his recommendation in relation to the diet of the prisoners, and he shall also report to the mayor any failure on the part of the warden of the workhouse in carrying out his recommendations.
(Ord. 49619 1 (part), 1959: 1948 C. Ch. 52 50: 1960 C. 204.020.)

16.16.270 When prisoners removed to hospital.

Whenever the warden of the workhouse is of the opinion that any prisoner confined in the workhouse is sick or injured, and cannot receive proper treatment while confined, he shall notify the hospital commissioner of the fact, who thereupon shall give the warden of the workhouse a receipt for the prisoner and have the prisoner removed to the city hospital for treatment, provided that in his judgment it is proper so to do. Should the prisoner recover his health or recover from his injuries sufficiently to be able to work, he shall be recommitted to the workhouse and shall work out the remainder of his time.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 51: 1960 C. 204.030.)

16.16.280 Venereal diseases.

All persons upon conviction of a misdemeanor for violation of any of the ordinances of the city, shall before being confined in the workhouse, be examined by the health commissioner, and if found to be suffering from, or having any contagious or infectious venereal disease, shall be confined in a suitable quarantine station or hospital, provided by the city for such purpose, whenever, in the opinion of the health commissioner it is deemed necessary. It shall be the duty of the health commissioner to examine all such persons as above set forth.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 52: 1960 C. 204.040.)

16.16.290 Warden to report to aldermen.

The warden shall, at the opening of each annual session of the board of aldermen, report to that body a detailed statement of the operations and affairs of the workhouse, during the preceding year, setting forth the number of prisoners received, the number then at the institution, the age, sex and place of birth of all prisoners, the value and description of the work performed by them in detail and the expenditures and receipts on account of the workhouse.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 55: 1960 C. 201.090.)

16.16.300 Precautions against escape--Arrest of escapees.

The warden shall have power to take all necessary measures to guard the workhouse, and to prevent the escape of the prisoners, and he or any city officer, or other person, is authorized to arrest, without warrant, any person who shall have escaped from the workhouse.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 56: 1960 C. 205.030.)

City Counselor Ops.: 9919

16.16.310 Trespassing on workhouse premises--Assisting escapes.

The warden, or any officer of the workhouse, may arrest, without warrant, any person trespassing upon the workhouse premises, or attempting to rescue any prisoner, or assisting or attempting to any prisoner to escape or hindering or attempting to hinder the warden or any officer of the workhouse in the lawful discharge of any of his duties, and any person so doing shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 57: 1960 C. 205.040.)

City Counselor Ops.: 9919

16.16.320 Prisoner clothing.

Prisoners shall be furnished with suitable clothing, when necessary, at cost; provided, that they agree that the expense thereof shall be worked out by them in like manner as the amount of fine and costs for which they were committed.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 58.)

16.16.330 Record of articles received and sent.

It shall be the duty of the warden to cause to be kept in a proper book a daily record of all articles received at the workhouse, and from whom received; also a daily record of every article sent from the workhouse, and the name of the person to whom the article was furnished.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 60: 1960 C. 201.110.)

16.16.340 When prisoners to be used for loading.

It shall not be lawful to employ the prisoners confined in the workhouse in loading materials sold from the workhouse, except in cases as may be specially provided for by contract.
(1948 C. Ch. 52 61: 1960 C. 202.030.)

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