St. Louis City Revised Code Chapter 11.51 Frozen Desserts Part III
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PART III INSPECTION AND EXAMINATION AND STANDARDS
11.51.260 Frequency of inspection--Report.
A. Prior to the issuance of a permit, and at least once every 6 months thereafter, the Health Authority shall, except as provided for in Section 11.51.640, inspect all frozen desserts plants, the products of which are intended for consumption within the City or its police jurisdiction, and shall make as many additional inspections as are necessary for the enforcement of this chapter. If the Health Authority discovers the violation of any sanitation requirement, he shall make a second inspection after a lapse of such time as deemed necessary for the defects to be remedied, but not before the lapse of 3 days and the second inspection shall be used in determining compliance with the requirements of this chapter. Any violation of the same item of this chapter on two consecutive inspections may result in suspension of permit after proper hearing.
B. The original copy of the inspection report shall be posted by the Health Authority in a conspicuous place upon an inside wall of the frozen desserts plant and said report shall not be defaced or removed by any person except the Health Authority. Another copy of such inspection report shall be filed with the records of the Health Authority.
(Ord. 57505 § 9 (part), 1978.)
11.51.270 Access to establishment for inspection.
Every frozen desserts plant or frozen desserts processor shall, upon the request of the Health Authority, permit him access to all parts of the establishment; and shall furnish the Health Authority, upon his request, for official use only, a true statement of the actual quantities of milk or milk products, mix or frozen desserts used or produced, sources of such milk, milk products, mix or frozen desserts used or produced, record of inspection and tests, pasteurization time and temperature records, and pertinent information as to persons employed.
(Ord. 57505 § 9 (part), 1978.)
11.51.280 Quality standards for ingredients.
All ingredients used in frozen desserts shall be wholesome and free of adulteration or contamination.
(Ord. 57505 § 10 (A), 1978.)
11.51.290 Production and processing standards.
All milk and milk products used as ingredients in frozen desserts mix shall be produced, processed, and/or pasteurized to conform with the following chemical, bacteriological, and temperature standards:
A. Unpasteurized Milk and Milk Products as Ingredients and Frozen Desserts Mix.
1. Temperature: cooled to 45 degrees F. or less and maintained thereafter until processed;
2. Bacterial limits: not exceeding 300,000 per ml. or gr. prior to pasteurization;
3. Antibiotics: no detectable zone determined by a method approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
B. Pasteurized Frozen Desserts and Frozen Desserts Mix.
1. Temperature: frozen desserts mix cooled to 45 degrees F. or less and maintained thereafter until processed;
2. Bacterial limits: frozen desserts and frozen desserts mix shall not exceed 20,000 per/gr.;
3. Coliform limits: frozen desserts and frozen desserts mix shall not exceed 10 per/gr.;
4. Antibiotics: no detectable zone determined by a method approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration;
5. Phosphatase: less than 1 ug/ml by Scharer Rapid Method (or equivalent by other means).
(Ord. 57505 § 10 (B), 1978.)
11.51.300 Method other than pasteurization.
No process or manipulation other than pasteurization, processing methods integral therewith, and appropriate refrigeration shall be applied to milk and milk products for the purpose of removing or deactivating microorganisms.
(Ord. 57505 § 10 (C), 1978.)
11.51.310 Required samplings.
Within any consecutive 6-month period each frozen desserts processor shall have four samples of pasteurized frozen desserts mix taken for examination in an official laboratory as designated by the Health Authority. Within any consecutive 6-month period at least four samples of frozen desserts shall be taken and examined in an official laboratory as designated by the Health Authority. Samples of frozen desserts mix and frozen desserts shall be taken while in the possession of the frozen desserts processor or frozen desserts distributor at any time prior to final delivery; provided, that when a frozen desserts distributor distributes frozen desserts directly to a retail store, grocery store, food service establishment, or similar establishment, under the provisions of Section 11.51.640, the samples may be collected at such establishment.
(Ord. 57505 § 10 (D), 1978.)
11.51.320 Discretionary samplings.
At any time at the discretion of the Health Authority samples of ingredients used in frozen desserts may be taken to determine compliance with appropriate chemical, adulteration, and wholesomeness standards. At any time at the discretion of the Health Authority samples of unpasteurized milk and milk products used as ingredients for frozen desserts shall be taken to determine compliance with appropriate bacterial standards.
(Ord. 57505 § 10 (E), 1978.)
11.51.330 Samples taken in official laboratories.
The examination of samples shall be performed by an official laboratory. Bacterial counts, coliform determination, phosphatas tests, and other screening tests shall conform to the procedures in the latest edition of "Standard Methods for the Examination of Dairy Products" of the American Public Health Association. Examinations and tests shall include such other biological, chemical, and physical determinations as the Health Authority shall deem necessary for the detection of adulteration.
(Ord. 57505 § 10 (F), 1978.)
11.51.340 Notice when samples not within standards.
Whenever 2 of the last 4 consecutive bacterial counts, coliform counts or cooling temperatures of samples of milk or milk products, mix or frozen desserts taken on separate days are beyond the limits specified in this chapter, the Health Authority shall send written notice thereof to person concerned. He shall then take an additional sample, within a reasonable period of time, but not before the lapse of 3 days. Suspension of the permit or withdrawal of the product involved from further distribution shall be called for when more than 2 of the last five bacterial counts, coliform determinations or cooling temperatures are beyond the limits specified in this chapter.
(Ord. 57505 § 10 (G), 1978.)
11.51.350 Testing for adequate pasteurization.
The Health Authority shall examine at least 4 samples of pasteurized mix or frozen desserts during each consecutive 6-month period for adequate pasteurization as determined by the phosphatase test. In the case of a positive result, the probable cause shall be determined and corrected to the satisfaction of the Health Authority before the mix is frozen or the frozen desserts are sold.
(Ord. 57505 § 10 (H), 1978.)
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